Evaluation of travel and use as a risk factor for seropositivity to Ehrlichia risticii in horses of New York state

Edward R Atwill, Hussni O. Mohammed, Jorge W. Lopez

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Abstract

Objective - To determine whether mean annual frequency and destination of equine travel was associated with exposure to Ehrlichia risticii and whether these associations were modified by horses' place of residence. Design - Cross-sectional study. Sample Population - 511 equine operations containing 2,587 horses were visited in New York state from a target population of 39,000 operations. Procedure - Each horse was tested for serum antibodies against E risticii, using indirect fluorescent antibody. Information on the horse's travel history, farm's management practices, and surrounding ecology was obtained by personal interview and resource maps. Statistical analyses were performed on 2 cohorts of animals: all horses enrolled in the study and horses born on the property or that resided at least 4 years on the farm. Three county-based risk regions (RR) were identified by use of cluster analysis. Results - Mean seroprevalence for each of the 3 RR was 2.4 (low risk), 8.5 (moderate risk), and 18.5% (high risk) for cohort 1 and 2.5, 8.0, and 18.4% for cohort 2. Among cohorts 1 and 2, pleasure riding and breeding trips were associated with exposure to E risticii, but horse residence (low, moderate, or high RR) was an effect modifier for these associations. Among cohort 1 and stratifying the analysis according to the RR for the travel destination, trail riding at low RR and trail riding at high RR were associated with exposure. Among cohort 2 and stratifying the analysis according to the RR for the travel destination, breeding trips were associated with exposure, and strong effect modification was present for horse residence (low, moderate, or high RR). Conclusions - Only certain types of travel to specific RR were associated with higher risk of exposure to E risticii. In many instances, travel was not associated, or was associated, with a reduced risk of exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-277
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume57
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1996

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Neorickettsia risticii
seroprevalence
travel
Horses
risk factors
horses
Breeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Evaluation of travel and use as a risk factor for seropositivity to Ehrlichia risticii in horses of New York state. / Atwill, Edward R; Mohammed, Hussni O.; Lopez, Jorge W.

In: American Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol. 57, No. 3, 03.1996, p. 272-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Evaluation of travel and use as a risk factor for seropositivity to Ehrlichia risticii in horses of New York state",
abstract = "Objective - To determine whether mean annual frequency and destination of equine travel was associated with exposure to Ehrlichia risticii and whether these associations were modified by horses' place of residence. Design - Cross-sectional study. Sample Population - 511 equine operations containing 2,587 horses were visited in New York state from a target population of 39,000 operations. Procedure - Each horse was tested for serum antibodies against E risticii, using indirect fluorescent antibody. Information on the horse's travel history, farm's management practices, and surrounding ecology was obtained by personal interview and resource maps. Statistical analyses were performed on 2 cohorts of animals: all horses enrolled in the study and horses born on the property or that resided at least 4 years on the farm. Three county-based risk regions (RR) were identified by use of cluster analysis. Results - Mean seroprevalence for each of the 3 RR was 2.4 (low risk), 8.5 (moderate risk), and 18.5{\%} (high risk) for cohort 1 and 2.5, 8.0, and 18.4{\%} for cohort 2. Among cohorts 1 and 2, pleasure riding and breeding trips were associated with exposure to E risticii, but horse residence (low, moderate, or high RR) was an effect modifier for these associations. Among cohort 1 and stratifying the analysis according to the RR for the travel destination, trail riding at low RR and trail riding at high RR were associated with exposure. Among cohort 2 and stratifying the analysis according to the RR for the travel destination, breeding trips were associated with exposure, and strong effect modification was present for horse residence (low, moderate, or high RR). Conclusions - Only certain types of travel to specific RR were associated with higher risk of exposure to E risticii. In many instances, travel was not associated, or was associated, with a reduced risk of exposure.",
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