Evaluation of transanal minimally invasive surgery for submucosal rectal resection in cadaveric canine specimens

Philipp D. Mayhew, Ingrid Balsa, Christian N. Guerzon, Erin A. Gibson, M. Kevin Keel, Maurício Veloso Brun, Felipe J. Lillo Araya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) for submucosal rectal resection in large breed dogs. Study design: Cadaveric study. Sample population: Canine cadavers (n = 6) weighing between 37.5 and 60 kg. Methods: Dogs were positioned in sternal recumbency. After rectal cleansing, a transanal access platform was placed in the rectum, and a pneumorectum was established. An area of ventral rectal wall approximately 2 × 2 cm was resected in a submucosal plane by using laparoscopic instruments and submitted for histopathological evaluation. The rectal wall defect was closed with a single-layer continuous suture pattern with barbed suture. Postoperatively, the rectum was removed en bloc and evaluated for suture or surgical penetration of the serosal surface. Results: Submucosal rectal resection was successfully completed by using TAMIS in all dogs. The median length of resected specimens after fixation was 24.5 mm (range 9.8-26.5). In two of six dogs, suture was macroscopically visible on the serosal surface, but no dogs had evidence of iatrogenic full-thickness surgical penetration of the rectum. The median distance from the aborad extent of the suture closure line to the anocutaneous junction was 35 mm (range, 35-105). Conclusion: Submucosal resection of the canine rectal wall was feasible in large breed dogs by using TAMIS. No evidence of full-thickness penetration of the rectal wall was seen in these cadaveric specimens. Clinical significance: Transanal minimally invasive surgery may provide an alternative minimally invasive approach for resection for benign adenomatous rectal polyps in large breed dogs that might otherwise require a rectal pull-through.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVeterinary Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of transanal minimally invasive surgery for submucosal rectal resection in cadaveric canine specimens'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this