Evaluation of the toxicity of Adonis aestivalis in calves

Leslie Woods, Lisle W. George, Mark L Anderson, Dale M. Woods, Mike S. Filigenzi, Birgit Puschner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Toxicosis of Adonis aestivalis is well documented in horses, but little is known of its toxicity in cattle. A. aestivalis (summer pheasant's eye) was collected over multiple years, under different growing conditions, and at various stages of maturity, dried, and administered to calves to evaluate the toxicity of A. aestivalis in cattle. Four 300-lb Holstein, and 2 90-lb, preruminating Jersey calves were administered 1% body weight of ground A. aestivalis via a stomach tube and monitored for clinical signs for 2 weeks and 1 week, respectively. The Holstein calves were then fed 0.2 to 1% body weight A. aestivalis daily for 4 to 5 weeks. The Holstein calves had transient, mild cardiac abnormalities during the feeding trial. Mild, transient gastrointestinal and cardiac signs were noted in the preruminating calves. No gross or microscopic lesions were seen on necropsies performed at the end of the study. Based on the results of this study, cattle do not appear to be as susceptible to toxicosis from A. aestivalis as other species, such as horses and pigs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-585
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Volume19
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2007

Fingerprint

Adonis
calves
toxicity
Horses
Body Weight
Holstein
Stomach
Swine
poisoning
cattle
horses
body weight
Jersey
maturity stage
Adonis aestivalis
lesions (animal)
necropsy
stomach
swine

Keywords

  • Adonis aestivalis
  • Bovine
  • Calves
  • Cardiac glycoside
  • Summer pheasant's eye
  • Toxic plant
  • Toxicosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Evaluation of the toxicity of Adonis aestivalis in calves. / Woods, Leslie; George, Lisle W.; Anderson, Mark L; Woods, Dale M.; Filigenzi, Mike S.; Puschner, Birgit.

In: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Vol. 19, No. 5, 09.2007, p. 581-585.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Woods, Leslie ; George, Lisle W. ; Anderson, Mark L ; Woods, Dale M. ; Filigenzi, Mike S. ; Puschner, Birgit. / Evaluation of the toxicity of Adonis aestivalis in calves. In: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 2007 ; Vol. 19, No. 5. pp. 581-585.
@article{936be26f78bb4e4a9c7c1a39a936e655,
title = "Evaluation of the toxicity of Adonis aestivalis in calves",
abstract = "Toxicosis of Adonis aestivalis is well documented in horses, but little is known of its toxicity in cattle. A. aestivalis (summer pheasant's eye) was collected over multiple years, under different growing conditions, and at various stages of maturity, dried, and administered to calves to evaluate the toxicity of A. aestivalis in cattle. Four 300-lb Holstein, and 2 90-lb, preruminating Jersey calves were administered 1{\%} body weight of ground A. aestivalis via a stomach tube and monitored for clinical signs for 2 weeks and 1 week, respectively. The Holstein calves were then fed 0.2 to 1{\%} body weight A. aestivalis daily for 4 to 5 weeks. The Holstein calves had transient, mild cardiac abnormalities during the feeding trial. Mild, transient gastrointestinal and cardiac signs were noted in the preruminating calves. No gross or microscopic lesions were seen on necropsies performed at the end of the study. Based on the results of this study, cattle do not appear to be as susceptible to toxicosis from A. aestivalis as other species, such as horses and pigs.",
keywords = "Adonis aestivalis, Bovine, Calves, Cardiac glycoside, Summer pheasant's eye, Toxic plant, Toxicosis",
author = "Leslie Woods and George, {Lisle W.} and Anderson, {Mark L} and Woods, {Dale M.} and Filigenzi, {Mike S.} and Birgit Puschner",
year = "2007",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "581--585",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation",
issn = "1040-6387",
publisher = "American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of the toxicity of Adonis aestivalis in calves

AU - Woods, Leslie

AU - George, Lisle W.

AU - Anderson, Mark L

AU - Woods, Dale M.

AU - Filigenzi, Mike S.

AU - Puschner, Birgit

PY - 2007/9

Y1 - 2007/9

N2 - Toxicosis of Adonis aestivalis is well documented in horses, but little is known of its toxicity in cattle. A. aestivalis (summer pheasant's eye) was collected over multiple years, under different growing conditions, and at various stages of maturity, dried, and administered to calves to evaluate the toxicity of A. aestivalis in cattle. Four 300-lb Holstein, and 2 90-lb, preruminating Jersey calves were administered 1% body weight of ground A. aestivalis via a stomach tube and monitored for clinical signs for 2 weeks and 1 week, respectively. The Holstein calves were then fed 0.2 to 1% body weight A. aestivalis daily for 4 to 5 weeks. The Holstein calves had transient, mild cardiac abnormalities during the feeding trial. Mild, transient gastrointestinal and cardiac signs were noted in the preruminating calves. No gross or microscopic lesions were seen on necropsies performed at the end of the study. Based on the results of this study, cattle do not appear to be as susceptible to toxicosis from A. aestivalis as other species, such as horses and pigs.

AB - Toxicosis of Adonis aestivalis is well documented in horses, but little is known of its toxicity in cattle. A. aestivalis (summer pheasant's eye) was collected over multiple years, under different growing conditions, and at various stages of maturity, dried, and administered to calves to evaluate the toxicity of A. aestivalis in cattle. Four 300-lb Holstein, and 2 90-lb, preruminating Jersey calves were administered 1% body weight of ground A. aestivalis via a stomach tube and monitored for clinical signs for 2 weeks and 1 week, respectively. The Holstein calves were then fed 0.2 to 1% body weight A. aestivalis daily for 4 to 5 weeks. The Holstein calves had transient, mild cardiac abnormalities during the feeding trial. Mild, transient gastrointestinal and cardiac signs were noted in the preruminating calves. No gross or microscopic lesions were seen on necropsies performed at the end of the study. Based on the results of this study, cattle do not appear to be as susceptible to toxicosis from A. aestivalis as other species, such as horses and pigs.

KW - Adonis aestivalis

KW - Bovine

KW - Calves

KW - Cardiac glycoside

KW - Summer pheasant's eye

KW - Toxic plant

KW - Toxicosis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38449095242&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38449095242&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 17823409

AN - SCOPUS:38449095242

VL - 19

SP - 581

EP - 585

JO - Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation

JF - Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation

SN - 1040-6387

IS - 5

ER -