Evaluation of the clinical and histologic features of renal allograft rejection in cats

Andrew E. Kyles, Clare R. Gregory, Stephen M. Griffey, Jose Galvez, Rajen Ramsamooj, Randall E. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objectives - To describe the clinical signs and histopathologic features of renal allograft rejection in cats, and to provide a historical, untreated control group for use in future studies of feline renal allograft rejection. Animals - Fourteen adult research cats. Methods - Renal transplantation and bilateral nephrectomy were performed in pairs of immunogenically mismatched cats. A physical examination was performed, and packed cell volume, total protein, and plasma creatinine concentrations were measured each day after surgery. The cats were euthanatized when plasma creatinine concentration exceeded 7 mg/dL or when weight loss exceeded 20%. Renal histopathology was scored according to the Banff 97 criteria by 3 pathologists. Results - Nine cats completed the study. Plasma creatinine exceeded 7 mg/dL in 5 cats, weight loss exceeded 20% in 3 cats, and 1 cat was found dead. Clinical signs in cats with rejection were nonspecific or absent. Rectal temperature decreased by 0.8 ± 0.5°C in the 24 hours before euthanasia. The pathologists agreed on the allograft histopathologic category in 6 of 9 cats. The histologic concensus was acute/active rejection in 8 cats and normal in 1 cat. Median survival time of the 8 cats with histologically confirmed allograft rejection was 23 days (range, 8-34 days). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Renal allograft rejection is associated with minimal clinical signs. Therefore, plasma creatinine concentration should be measured routinely in patients with a functioning allograft. An increase in plasma creatinine concentration is highly suspicious for allograft rejection, although a biopsy of the renal allograft is needed for definitive diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-56
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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