Evaluation of secondhand smoking characteristics in asthmatic children presenting to four emergency departments on O'ahu, Hawai'i.

Rodney B. Boychuk, Brunhild M. Halm, Francisco Garcia, Franklin Y. Yamamoto, Ron R. Sanderson, Brenda M. Gartner, Sheila Beckham, Rebecca Fannucchi, Miguel Cadoy, Craig Day, Corilyn K S Pang, Valerie Chong, Darlene Kaahaaina, Rebecca Donavan, Charles Demesa, Kristi M. Kiyabu

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Abstract

Exposure to secondhand smoke causes adverse health outcomes particularly in vulnerable groups like children. This multi-centered prospective study examined the household exposure to secondhand smoke among asthmatic children presenting to emergency departments on O'ahu, Hawai'i. Findings revealed that asthmatic children of Samoan, Micronesian, Filipino, Part/Native Hawaiian and Other/Mixed Ancestry had a greater proportion of high exposure to secondhand smoke in the home compared to Japanese, Chinese and Caucasian ethnic groups. Asthmatic children with no insurance or with Medicaid had a greater frequency of high exposure to secondhand smoke in the home than those with private insurance. Additionally, an inverse relationship between caregiver educational level and exposure to secondhand smoke in the home was observed. Recommendations are provided to improve health outcomes and address the disproportionate burden of asthma in such children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalHawaii medical journal.
Volume65
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Boychuk, R. B., Halm, B. M., Garcia, F., Yamamoto, F. Y., Sanderson, R. R., Gartner, B. M., Beckham, S., Fannucchi, R., Cadoy, M., Day, C., Pang, C. K. S., Chong, V., Kaahaaina, D., Donavan, R., Demesa, C., & Kiyabu, K. M. (2006). Evaluation of secondhand smoking characteristics in asthmatic children presenting to four emergency departments on O'ahu, Hawai'i. Hawaii medical journal., 65(4), 105-111.