Evaluation of propofol as a general anesthetic for horses.

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Abstract

This study provides baseline information on the potential use of propofol as a general anesthetic for horses. Using a Latin square design, propofol (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg) was administered intravenously on three separate occasions to six mature horses. Information about anesthetic induction, duration, and recovery was recorded along with results of rectal temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, pHa, PaCO2 and PaO2. Statistical analysis included a mixed model analysis of variance, a general linear model analysis and least square means test for post hoc comparisons. A P < .05 was considered significant. The quality of induction of anesthesia varied from poor to good. Two horses were not recumbent following the lowest dose of propofol. Brief paddling limb movements occurred occasionally and unpredictably after recumbency induced by all three doses. During recovery, horses were uniformly calm and coordinated in their moves to stand. Duration of recumbency (minutes) was dose related; 15.05 +/- 1.58 (mean +/- SD) following 2 mg/kg, 31.06 +/- 5.56 following 4 mg/kg, and 47.85 +/- 13.63 following 8 mg/kg. During recumbency at all doses, heart rate significantly increased from a predrug value of 40 +/- 6 beats per minute. Substantial respiratory depression, characterized by a significant decrease in respiratory rate (from 11.7 +/- 2.9 to 3.7 +/- 1.6 breaths per minute) and increased PaCO2 (from 44.5 +/- 2.5 to 52.7 +/- 8.0 mm Hg) was seen only after 8 mg/kg. A significant decrease in PaO2 was observed throughout the recumbency induced by 8 mg/kg, and also at 3 and 5 minutes following induction of anesthesia with 4 mg/kg propofol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary surgery : VS : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Volume24
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1995

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general anesthetics
General Anesthetics
Propofol
Horses
horses
Respiratory Rate
dosage
heart rate
anesthesia
Anesthesia
Heart Rate
duration
Least-Squares Analysis
Respiratory Insufficiency
anesthetics
Anesthetics
least squares
Linear Models
Analysis of Variance
statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "Evaluation of propofol as a general anesthetic for horses.",
abstract = "This study provides baseline information on the potential use of propofol as a general anesthetic for horses. Using a Latin square design, propofol (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg) was administered intravenously on three separate occasions to six mature horses. Information about anesthetic induction, duration, and recovery was recorded along with results of rectal temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, pHa, PaCO2 and PaO2. Statistical analysis included a mixed model analysis of variance, a general linear model analysis and least square means test for post hoc comparisons. A P < .05 was considered significant. The quality of induction of anesthesia varied from poor to good. Two horses were not recumbent following the lowest dose of propofol. Brief paddling limb movements occurred occasionally and unpredictably after recumbency induced by all three doses. During recovery, horses were uniformly calm and coordinated in their moves to stand. Duration of recumbency (minutes) was dose related; 15.05 +/- 1.58 (mean +/- SD) following 2 mg/kg, 31.06 +/- 5.56 following 4 mg/kg, and 47.85 +/- 13.63 following 8 mg/kg. During recumbency at all doses, heart rate significantly increased from a predrug value of 40 +/- 6 beats per minute. Substantial respiratory depression, characterized by a significant decrease in respiratory rate (from 11.7 +/- 2.9 to 3.7 +/- 1.6 breaths per minute) and increased PaCO2 (from 44.5 +/- 2.5 to 52.7 +/- 8.0 mm Hg) was seen only after 8 mg/kg. A significant decrease in PaO2 was observed throughout the recumbency induced by 8 mg/kg, and also at 3 and 5 minutes following induction of anesthesia with 4 mg/kg propofol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)",
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T1 - Evaluation of propofol as a general anesthetic for horses.

AU - Mama, K. R.

AU - Steffey, Eugene

AU - Pascoe, Peter J

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N2 - This study provides baseline information on the potential use of propofol as a general anesthetic for horses. Using a Latin square design, propofol (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg) was administered intravenously on three separate occasions to six mature horses. Information about anesthetic induction, duration, and recovery was recorded along with results of rectal temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, pHa, PaCO2 and PaO2. Statistical analysis included a mixed model analysis of variance, a general linear model analysis and least square means test for post hoc comparisons. A P < .05 was considered significant. The quality of induction of anesthesia varied from poor to good. Two horses were not recumbent following the lowest dose of propofol. Brief paddling limb movements occurred occasionally and unpredictably after recumbency induced by all three doses. During recovery, horses were uniformly calm and coordinated in their moves to stand. Duration of recumbency (minutes) was dose related; 15.05 +/- 1.58 (mean +/- SD) following 2 mg/kg, 31.06 +/- 5.56 following 4 mg/kg, and 47.85 +/- 13.63 following 8 mg/kg. During recumbency at all doses, heart rate significantly increased from a predrug value of 40 +/- 6 beats per minute. Substantial respiratory depression, characterized by a significant decrease in respiratory rate (from 11.7 +/- 2.9 to 3.7 +/- 1.6 breaths per minute) and increased PaCO2 (from 44.5 +/- 2.5 to 52.7 +/- 8.0 mm Hg) was seen only after 8 mg/kg. A significant decrease in PaO2 was observed throughout the recumbency induced by 8 mg/kg, and also at 3 and 5 minutes following induction of anesthesia with 4 mg/kg propofol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

AB - This study provides baseline information on the potential use of propofol as a general anesthetic for horses. Using a Latin square design, propofol (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg) was administered intravenously on three separate occasions to six mature horses. Information about anesthetic induction, duration, and recovery was recorded along with results of rectal temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, pHa, PaCO2 and PaO2. Statistical analysis included a mixed model analysis of variance, a general linear model analysis and least square means test for post hoc comparisons. A P < .05 was considered significant. The quality of induction of anesthesia varied from poor to good. Two horses were not recumbent following the lowest dose of propofol. Brief paddling limb movements occurred occasionally and unpredictably after recumbency induced by all three doses. During recovery, horses were uniformly calm and coordinated in their moves to stand. Duration of recumbency (minutes) was dose related; 15.05 +/- 1.58 (mean +/- SD) following 2 mg/kg, 31.06 +/- 5.56 following 4 mg/kg, and 47.85 +/- 13.63 following 8 mg/kg. During recumbency at all doses, heart rate significantly increased from a predrug value of 40 +/- 6 beats per minute. Substantial respiratory depression, characterized by a significant decrease in respiratory rate (from 11.7 +/- 2.9 to 3.7 +/- 1.6 breaths per minute) and increased PaCO2 (from 44.5 +/- 2.5 to 52.7 +/- 8.0 mm Hg) was seen only after 8 mg/kg. A significant decrease in PaO2 was observed throughout the recumbency induced by 8 mg/kg, and also at 3 and 5 minutes following induction of anesthesia with 4 mg/kg propofol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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