Evaluation of levonorgestrel intrauterine system upon presumed nonintact removal

Josh Bukowski, Anna Rogers, Catherine D Cansino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A 51 year old woman presented for removal of her expired levonorgestrel intrauterine device (IUD). The IUD arms appeared absent upon IUD removal. Further examination of the device revealed that the arms were concealed inside the hormonal cylinder. Recognizing abnormal presentations of the levonorgestrel IUD upon removal can avoid unnecessary procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1-e2
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014


  • intrauterine device removal
  • malpresenting intrauterine device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Medicine(all)


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