Velocity-encoded cine MRI (VEC-MRI) can measure volume flow at specified sites in the heart. This study used VEC-MRI to measure flow across the mitral valve to compare the contribution of atrial systole to left atrial filling in normal subjects and patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. The study population consisted of 12 normal subjects (mean age 34.5 years) and nine patients with various degrees of left ventricular hypertrophy resulting from aortic stenosis (mean age 70 years). VEC-MRI was performed in double-oblique planes through the heart to measure both the mitral inflow velocity pattern ( E A ratio) and the volumetric flow across the mitral valve. The left atrial contribution to left ventricular filling (AC%) was calculated. The results were compared with Doppler echocardiographic parameters. The VEC-MRI-derived mitral E A ratios showed a significant linear correlation with E A ratios calculated from Doppler echocardiography (r = 0.94), and the VEC-MRI-derived E A ratios (2.1 ± 0.5 vs 1.0 ± 0.4) and AC% values (24.9 ± 7.2 vs 45.7 ± 16.4) were significantly different between normal subjects and patients with aortic stenosis (p < 0.01 in both groups). The same differences were seen in the Doppler echocardiographic parameters. The VEC-MRI-derived E A ratio and AC% showed significant hyperbolic and linear correlations with left ventricular mass indexes (r = 0.95 and 0.86). In addition, the VEC-MRI-determined E A ratio and the volumetric AC% displayed a highly significant hyperbolic correlation (r = 0.95). Thus VEC-MRI can be used to evaluate left ventricular diastolic filling characteristics in normal subjects and patients with abnormalities of diastolic filling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine