Evaluation of clinical characteristics, diagnostic test results, and outcome in horses with internal infection caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis: 30 Cases (1995-2003)

Suzanne M. Pratt, Sharon Spier, Scott P. Carroll, Mary E Vaughan, Mary B Whitcomb, William D Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To determine clinical signs, results of diagnostic testing, and outcome in horses with internal Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection. Design - Retrospective study. Animals - 30 horses. Procedure - Information pertaining to clinical data, results of diagnostic tests, and costs of hospitalization and treatment was extracted from medical records of affected horses. Results - Internal C pseudotuberculosis infection was diagnosed on the basis of clinical signs, diagnostic imaging, and clinicopathologic data, including results of serologic tests and bacterial culture. The most common clinical signs were concurrent external abscesses, anorexia, fever, lethargy, weight loss, and signs of respiratory tract disease or abdominal pain. Clinicopathologic abnormalities included a geometric mean reciprocal serum synergistic hemolysin inhibition titer ≥ 512, leukocytosis with neutrophilia, hyperglobulinemia, hyperfibrinogenemia, and anemia. Specific organ involvement was diagnosed in 27 of 30 horses. Affected organs included the liver (18 horses), lungs (12), kidneys (7), and spleen (3); multiple organs were affected in 10 horses. Treatment with antimicrobials for a median of 36 days (range, 7 to 97 days) was usually successful, yielding an overall survival rate of 71%. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Early diagnosis and long-term antimicrobial treatment were important for a successful outcome: in horses with internal C pseudotuberculosis infection. Ultrasonographic imaging was an important technique for identifying specific organs affected, aiding in obtaining samples for a definitive diagnosis, and monitoring response to treatment. Pregnant mares with internal infections are at risk for fetal loss. Preexisting chronic organ disease may be associated with a poor prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-448
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume227
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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