Radioligand targeting of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sstr2)-positive tumors with synthetic somatostatin analogues such as octreotide is subject to improvement in tumor to nontumor biodistribution, in part because internalization of such somatostatin analogues is limited by sstr2 recycling to the cell surface. We reasoned that it might be possible to prepare probe-carrying somatostatin analogues that would escape recycling, efficiently depositing probe molecules inside cells and ultimately increasing their intracellular concentration. We have incorporated cathepsin-B-cleavable linkers into (Tyr3)-octreotate chelate conjugates and examined these constructs as to cellular uptake, externalization, subcellular localization, and cleavage in the rat pancreatic tumor cell line AR42J in culture. Comparison of the cleavable radioligands with a noncleavable control indicates that scission of the constituent cathepsin B substrate occurs at a rate faster than ligand externalization, depositing virtually all internalized cleaved radiochelates within lysosomal compartments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)