Evaluation of a USDA Nutrition Education Program for Low-income Youth

Marilyn S. Townsend, Margaret Johns, Mical Kay Shilts, Lucrecia Farfan-Ramirez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Examine effectiveness of a state's Youth Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) and assess the validity of the federal impact indicator method for reporting program outcomes. Design: A randomized, controlled field trial of 229 groups with 5,111 youth, 9-12 years old, in community settings. Intervention: 6- to 8- hour, 7-lesson education experience with food preparation and tasting, an education experience typical of EFNEP in California. Outcome Measures: US Department of Agriculture (USDA) impact indicators: nutrition knowledge, eating a variety of foods, food selection, and food preparation and safety practices. Analysis: Analysis of covariance model controlling for pretest, gender, age, and ethnicity, with group nested in condition. Results: Organizing responses by impact indicators, treatment participants made significant gains on the posttest compared to controls for 3 of 4 indicators (P < .008 to P < .0001). Gains were made by 34 to 68% of youth participants for 4 indicators. The impact indicator method for federal reporting compared favorably with results from a randomized controlled trial with groups nested in conditions. Conclusion and Implications: This is the first report in the literature of (1) a large evaluation study of Youth EFNEP and (2) an estimate of the validity of the USDA impact indicator method for reporting program outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-41
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Fingerprint

United States Department of Agriculture
Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program
nutrition education
education programs
USDA
income
low income
agriculture
food
Education
Food
food preparation
evaluation
education
nutrition knowledge
Randomized Controlled Trials
Food Preferences
nationalities and ethnic groups
food choices
Food Safety

Keywords

  • children
  • EFNEP
  • evaluation
  • impact indicator
  • USDA
  • youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Food Science

Cite this

Evaluation of a USDA Nutrition Education Program for Low-income Youth. / Townsend, Marilyn S.; Johns, Margaret; Shilts, Mical Kay; Farfan-Ramirez, Lucrecia.

In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.2006, p. 30-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Townsend, Marilyn S. ; Johns, Margaret ; Shilts, Mical Kay ; Farfan-Ramirez, Lucrecia. / Evaluation of a USDA Nutrition Education Program for Low-income Youth. In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2006 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 30-41.
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