Evaluation of a radiographic caudolateral curvilinear osteophyte on the femoral neck and its relationship to degenerative joint disease and distraction index in dogs

Philipp Mayhew, Pamela J. McKelvie, Darryl N. Biery, Frances S. Shofer, Gail K. Smith

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21 Scopus citations


Objective - To determine prevalence of a radiographic caudolateral curvilinear osteophyte (CCO) on the femoral neck in various breeds and age groups of dogs and to evaluate its contemporaneous relationship with degenerative joint disease (DJD) and Distraction index (DI). Design - Cross-sectional prevalence study. Animals - 25,968 dogs, including 3,729 German Shepherd Dogs, 4,545 Golden Retrievers, 6,277 Labrador Retrievers, and 1,191 Rottweilers. Procedure - Data from the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program database were analyzed, including ventrodorsal hip-extended, compression, and distraction radiographs. The CCO and radiographic signs of DJD were considered independent events and were interpreted as either present or absent. Statistical methods were used to evaluate the CCO as a possible risk factor for DJD and assess its association with DI, as measured by use of distraction radiography. Results - When all breeds were pooled, DJD was detected in 8.6% of dogs, and the CCO was detected in 21.6% of dogs. Among dogs with a CCO, 25.1% had radiographic evidence of DJD. Among dogs without a CCO, only 4% had DJD. Dogs with a CCO were 7.9 times as likely to have DJD as were these without a CCO Additionally, DI, weight, and age were significant risk factors for the CCO. Conclusion and Clinical Relevance - Results confirm the contemporaneous association between the CCO and DJD and that passive hip laxity, as measured by use of the DI, is associated witn both the CCO and DJD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-476
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2002
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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