Evaluating the Training of Chinese-Speaking Community Health Workers to Implement a Small-Group Intervention Promoting Mammography

Jiayan Gu, Annette E. Maxwell, Grace X. Ma, Xiaokun Qian, Yin Tan, Hsing Chuan Hsieh, Shin-Ping Tu, Judy Huei yu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated the training of Chinese American Community Health Workers (CHWs) to implement a small-group mammography video and discussion program as part of a randomized controlled trial that had the goal to increase adherence to mammography screening guidelines among Chinese American women. A total of 26 Chinese American CHWs in the metropolitan Washington DC area, Southern California, and New York City participated in a 4-h training workshop and completed surveys before and after the workshop to assess their knowledge regarding mammography screening guidelines and human subjects protection rules. The results showed significantly increased knowledge of mammography screening guidelines and human subjects protection rules (both p < 0.01) after the training. CHWs were also trained to lead a discussion of the video, including screening benefits and misconceptions. Forty-three audio recordings of discussions led by 13 active CHWs were transcribed and qualitatively analyzed to assess implementation fidelity. Ten out of 13 active CHWs fully addressed about 3 of the 5 benefit items, and 11 out of 13 CHWs fully addressed more than 5 of the 9 misconception items. Chinese CHWs can be trained to implement research-based intervention programs. However, a one-time training resulted in moderate adherence to the discussion protocol. Ongoing or repeat trainings throughout the intervention period may be needed to enhance implementation fidelity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 14 2018

Keywords

  • Breast cancer screening
  • Chinese Americans
  • Community health workers
  • Implementation fidelity
  • Small-group intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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