Ethnoracial variations in acute ptsd symptoms among hospitalized survivors of traumatic injury

Kari A. Stephens, Stanley Sue, Peter Roy-Byrne, Jürgen Unützer, Jin Wang, Frederick P. Rivara, Gregory Jurkovich, Douglas F. Zatzick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Ethnoracial minority status contributes to an increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after trauma exposure, beyond other risk factors. A population-based sampling frame was used to examine the associations between ethnoracial groups and early PTSD symptoms while adjusting for relevant clinical and demographic characteristics. Acutely injured trauma center inpatients (N = 623) were screened with the PTSD Checklist. American Indian and African American patients reported the highest levels of posttraumatic stress and preinjury cumulative trauma burden. African American heritage was independently associated with an increased risk of higher acute PTSD symptom levels. Disparities in trauma history, PTSD symptoms, and event related factors emphasize the need for acute care services to incorporate culturally competent approaches for treating these diverse populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-392
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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