Estrogen and gut satiety hormones in vagus-hindbrain axis

Kuei Pin Huang, Helen E. Raybould

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Estrogens modulate different physiological functions, including reproduction, inflammation, bone formation, energy expenditure, and food intake. In this review, we highlight the effect of estrogens on food intake regulation and the latest literature on intracellular estrogen signaling. In addition, gut satiety hormones, such as cholecystokinin, glucagon-like peptide 1 and leptin are essential to regulate ingestive behaviors in the postprandial period. These peripheral signals are sensed by vagal afferent terminals in the gut wall and transmitted to the hindbrain axis. Here we 1. review the role of the vagus-hindbrain axis in response to gut satiety signals and 2. consider the potential synergistic effects of estrogens on gut satiety signals at the level of vagal afferent neurons and nuclei located in the hindbrain. Understanding the action of estrogens in gut-brain axis provides a potential strategy to develop estrogen-based therapies for metabolic diseases and emphasizes the importance of sex difference in the treatment of obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number170389
JournalPeptides
Volume133
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Cholecystokinin
  • Estrogen
  • Food intake
  • Leptin
  • Vagal afferent pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Estrogen and gut satiety hormones in vagus-hindbrain axis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this