Estimation of Yttrium-90 Distribution in Liver Radioembolization using Computational Fluid Dynamics and Deep Neural Networks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Yttrium-90 (90Y) radioembolization is a liver cancer therapy based on 90Y microspheres injected into the hepatic artery. Current dosimetry methods used to estimate the absorbed dose in order to prescribe the 90Y activity to inject are not accurate, which can affect the treatment effectiveness. A new dosimetry based on the hemodynamics simulation of the hepatic arterial tree, CFDose, aimed at overcoming some of the limitations of the current methods. However, due to the expensive computational cost of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations, this method needs to be accelerated before it can be used in real-time during treatment planning. In this paper, we introduce a convolutional neural network model trained with the CFD results of a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma to predict the 90Y distribution under different downstream vasculature resistance conditions. The model performance was evaluated using two metrics, the mean squared error and prediction accuracy. The prediction accuracy showed that the average difference between the actual and predicted data was less than 1%. The proposed model could estimate the 90Y distribution significantly faster than a CFD simulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4974-4977
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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