Estimate of the annual economic impact of treatment of cranial cruciate ligament injury in dogs in the United States

Vicki L. Wilke, Duane A. Robinson, Rich B. Evans, Max F. Rothschild, Michael G. Conzemius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective - To estimate the economic impact to veterinary clients for the medical and surgical treatment of rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament (RCCL) in dogs for the year 2003. Design - Economic impact survey. Sample Population - 501 diplomates of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS) indicating that their area of surgical emphasis was small animal orthopedic surgery or small animal general and orthopedic surgery and 4,000 veterinarians indicating to the AVMA that their professional area was small animal practice exclusive or mixed animal practice (at least 80% small animal). Procedure - Veterinarians were surveyed concerning the cost for medical and surgical treatment of RCCL for 2003. The economic impact was calculated by multiplying the number of RCCL surgeries performed by the mean cost of surgery. This was added to the number of RCCL cases managed medically multiplied by the mean cost of medical management. This estimate for survey responders was extrapolated to the total number of veterinarians in the study population for the ACVS or AVMA. Results - Estimates for the total cost of surgery were $171,730,134.72 and $1,020,167,907 for veterinarians in the ACVS and AVMA populations, respectively. The cost of medical management was $2,885,687.86 and $126,558,155.16 for veterinarians in the ACVS and AVMA populations, respectively. After combining the ACVS and AVMA populations, we estimated that owners spent $1.32 billion for the treatment of RCCL in the United States in 2003. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - RCCL is a prevalent, costly injury. Results may motivate veterinary and consumer agencies to prioritize funding for a better understanding of the injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1604-1607
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume227
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2005
Externally publishedYes

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cranial cruciate ligament
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
economic impact
Veterinarians
veterinarians
Rupture
Economics
Dogs
dogs
Wounds and Injuries
Costs and Cost Analysis
surgery
Population
Orthopedics
Therapeutics
orthopedics
animals
small animal practice
Surgeons
funding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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Estimate of the annual economic impact of treatment of cranial cruciate ligament injury in dogs in the United States. / Wilke, Vicki L.; Robinson, Duane A.; Evans, Rich B.; Rothschild, Max F.; Conzemius, Michael G.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 227, No. 10, 15.11.2005, p. 1604-1607.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wilke, Vicki L. ; Robinson, Duane A. ; Evans, Rich B. ; Rothschild, Max F. ; Conzemius, Michael G. / Estimate of the annual economic impact of treatment of cranial cruciate ligament injury in dogs in the United States. In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 2005 ; Vol. 227, No. 10. pp. 1604-1607.
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