Esmolol reduces myocardial injury induced by resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in a porcine model of hemorrhagic shock

Guillaume L. Hoareau, Carl A. Beyer, Connor M. Caples, Marguerite W. Spruce, Zachary Gilbert, J. Kevin Grayson, Lucas P. Neff, Timothy K. Williams, M. Austin Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) causes myocardial injury from increased aortic afterload and supraphysiologic cardiac output. However, pharmacologic methods to attenuate high cardiac output and reduce myocardial injury have not been explored. We hypothesized that the use of esmolol during REBOA would reduce myocardial injury. Methods: Ten pigs were anesthetized and instrumented. Following 25% total blood volume hemorrhage, animals underwent 45 min of supraceliac (zone 1) REBOA with or without titration of esmolol to maintain heart rate between 80 and 100 beats per minute. Following the REBOA interventions, animals underwent 275 min of standardized critical care. Results: During REBOA, heart rate was significantly lower in the esmolol group compared to control animals (100 [88 - 112] vs 193 [172 - 203] beats/minute, respectively, p < 0.001) and the average mean arterial pressure (MAP) was lower in the esmolol group (88.0 [80.3–94.9] vs 135.1 [131.7–140.4] mmHg, respectively, p = 0.01). During the critical care phase, there were no differences in heart rate or MAP between groups. Animals in the intervention group received 237.9 [218.7–266.5] µg/kg of esmolol. There was a significant increase from baseline in serum troponins for the control group (p = 0.006) and significantly more subendocardial hemorrhage compared to animals treated with esmolol (3 [3 - 3] and 0 [0 – 0], p = 0.009, respectively). Conclusion: In our porcine model of hemorrhagic shock, zone 1 REBOA was associated with myocardial injury. Pharmacologic heart rate titration with esmolol during occlusion may mitigate the deleterious effects of REBOA on the heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInjury
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adrenergic beta antagonists
  • Critical care
  • Heart rate
  • Resuscitation
  • Traum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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