Equity in surgical leadership for women: More work to do

Anna Weiss, Katherine C. Lee, Viridiana Tapia, David Chang, Julie Freischlag, Sarah L. Blair, Sonia Ramamoorthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Sex disparity in the Program Director role has not been studied. The goal of this study is to evaluate the percentage of women in Chair and Program Director positions. We hypothesize that there is a higher percentage of women in the Program Director role than Chair role. Methods An Internet search identified Chairs, Program Directors, Associate Program Directors, and Division Chiefs. Statistical analysis compared percentages of women in these roles at all institutions, academic/community programs, and regions. Results There is higher female representation in the Program Director position than Chair position (P =.002) in General Surgery, Otolaryngology, and Orthopedics. More women are Associate Program Directors than Division Chiefs (23.6% vs 9.8%, P ≤.001). Academic and community programs are no different. In the West, a greater percentage of women are Chairs as compared with the other regions (P ≤.002). Conclusions There are higher rates of women in Program Director position than Department Chair position. This discrepancy warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-498
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume208
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Otolaryngology
Internet
Orthopedics

Keywords

  • Program Director
  • Sex disparity
  • Surgical leadership
  • Women in surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Weiss, A., Lee, K. C., Tapia, V., Chang, D., Freischlag, J., Blair, S. L., & Ramamoorthy, S. (2014). Equity in surgical leadership for women: More work to do. American Journal of Surgery, 208(3), 494-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.11.005

Equity in surgical leadership for women : More work to do. / Weiss, Anna; Lee, Katherine C.; Tapia, Viridiana; Chang, David; Freischlag, Julie; Blair, Sarah L.; Ramamoorthy, Sonia.

In: American Journal of Surgery, Vol. 208, No. 3, 2014, p. 494-498.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weiss, A, Lee, KC, Tapia, V, Chang, D, Freischlag, J, Blair, SL & Ramamoorthy, S 2014, 'Equity in surgical leadership for women: More work to do', American Journal of Surgery, vol. 208, no. 3, pp. 494-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.11.005
Weiss A, Lee KC, Tapia V, Chang D, Freischlag J, Blair SL et al. Equity in surgical leadership for women: More work to do. American Journal of Surgery. 2014;208(3):494-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.11.005
Weiss, Anna ; Lee, Katherine C. ; Tapia, Viridiana ; Chang, David ; Freischlag, Julie ; Blair, Sarah L. ; Ramamoorthy, Sonia. / Equity in surgical leadership for women : More work to do. In: American Journal of Surgery. 2014 ; Vol. 208, No. 3. pp. 494-498.
@article{1ee55132676846e8851aebc9de3a9596,
title = "Equity in surgical leadership for women: More work to do",
abstract = "Background Sex disparity in the Program Director role has not been studied. The goal of this study is to evaluate the percentage of women in Chair and Program Director positions. We hypothesize that there is a higher percentage of women in the Program Director role than Chair role. Methods An Internet search identified Chairs, Program Directors, Associate Program Directors, and Division Chiefs. Statistical analysis compared percentages of women in these roles at all institutions, academic/community programs, and regions. Results There is higher female representation in the Program Director position than Chair position (P =.002) in General Surgery, Otolaryngology, and Orthopedics. More women are Associate Program Directors than Division Chiefs (23.6{\%} vs 9.8{\%}, P ≤.001). Academic and community programs are no different. In the West, a greater percentage of women are Chairs as compared with the other regions (P ≤.002). Conclusions There are higher rates of women in Program Director position than Department Chair position. This discrepancy warrants further investigation.",
keywords = "Program Director, Sex disparity, Surgical leadership, Women in surgery",
author = "Anna Weiss and Lee, {Katherine C.} and Viridiana Tapia and David Chang and Julie Freischlag and Blair, {Sarah L.} and Sonia Ramamoorthy",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.11.005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "208",
pages = "494--498",
journal = "American Journal of Surgery",
issn = "0002-9610",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Equity in surgical leadership for women

T2 - More work to do

AU - Weiss, Anna

AU - Lee, Katherine C.

AU - Tapia, Viridiana

AU - Chang, David

AU - Freischlag, Julie

AU - Blair, Sarah L.

AU - Ramamoorthy, Sonia

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background Sex disparity in the Program Director role has not been studied. The goal of this study is to evaluate the percentage of women in Chair and Program Director positions. We hypothesize that there is a higher percentage of women in the Program Director role than Chair role. Methods An Internet search identified Chairs, Program Directors, Associate Program Directors, and Division Chiefs. Statistical analysis compared percentages of women in these roles at all institutions, academic/community programs, and regions. Results There is higher female representation in the Program Director position than Chair position (P =.002) in General Surgery, Otolaryngology, and Orthopedics. More women are Associate Program Directors than Division Chiefs (23.6% vs 9.8%, P ≤.001). Academic and community programs are no different. In the West, a greater percentage of women are Chairs as compared with the other regions (P ≤.002). Conclusions There are higher rates of women in Program Director position than Department Chair position. This discrepancy warrants further investigation.

AB - Background Sex disparity in the Program Director role has not been studied. The goal of this study is to evaluate the percentage of women in Chair and Program Director positions. We hypothesize that there is a higher percentage of women in the Program Director role than Chair role. Methods An Internet search identified Chairs, Program Directors, Associate Program Directors, and Division Chiefs. Statistical analysis compared percentages of women in these roles at all institutions, academic/community programs, and regions. Results There is higher female representation in the Program Director position than Chair position (P =.002) in General Surgery, Otolaryngology, and Orthopedics. More women are Associate Program Directors than Division Chiefs (23.6% vs 9.8%, P ≤.001). Academic and community programs are no different. In the West, a greater percentage of women are Chairs as compared with the other regions (P ≤.002). Conclusions There are higher rates of women in Program Director position than Department Chair position. This discrepancy warrants further investigation.

KW - Program Director

KW - Sex disparity

KW - Surgical leadership

KW - Women in surgery

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906235833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84906235833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.11.005

DO - 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.11.005

M3 - Article

C2 - 24933664

AN - SCOPUS:84906235833

VL - 208

SP - 494

EP - 498

JO - American Journal of Surgery

JF - American Journal of Surgery

SN - 0002-9610

IS - 3

ER -