Equal access to healthcare does not eliminate disparities in the management of adults with appendicitis

Steven L. Lee, Arezou Yaghoubian, Rebecca Stark, Shant Shekherdimian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Race and socioeconomic status have led to inequality in access to surgical care, leading to differences in appendiceal perforation rates. However, in a setting of equal health care access, these disparities were not evident. Currently, disparities exist with use of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) in the treatment of appendicitis. This study determines whether equal health care access eliminates differences in the management and outcomes of appendicitis. Methods: A retrospective review from 1998 to 2007 was performed. All members in this single-provider system have equal healthcare access. Socioeconomic data were extracted from the US Census database. Study outcome was use of LA and postoperative morbidity. Independent variables included age (18-44 y, 45-65 y, and >65 y), gender, race, annual mean household income (<40 K, 40-65 K, and >65 K), and education level. Univariate and multivariable (controlling for age, gender, perforation, race/ethnicity, income, and education level) analyses were performed. Results: A total of 16,196 patients were identified (mean age = 41 y, 54% male). Sixty percent of patients underwent LA. On multivariable analysis, male gender was associated with a decreased use of LA (OR 0.84, CI 0.79-0.89, P < 0.0001). There was a lower use of LA in older patients (age > 65 y) and patients age 45-65 y compared with younger patients (18-44 y). There was a lower use of LA in Blacks and a higher rate in Hispanics compared with Whites. Use of LA was higher in high income and middle income patients compared with low income patients. The use of LA was similar across all education levels. Postoperative morbidity was higher in males, older patients (age > 65 y), and patients age 45-65 y. However, postoperative morbidity was similar across all race/ethnic groups and all income levels and education levels. Conclusion: In a setting of equal health care access, there is evidence of gender, racial, age, and socioeconomic disparities for use of LA and worse outcomes for males and older patients. These data suggest that despite equal healthcare access, disparities continue to exist with respect to race and income level for the management of adults with appendicitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-213
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume170
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Appendicitis
Appendectomy
Delivery of Health Care
Healthcare Disparities
Education
Morbidity
Censuses
Hispanic Americans
Ethnic Groups
Social Class
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases

Keywords

  • access to health care
  • appendicitis
  • laparoscopy
  • racial disparities
  • socioeconomic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Equal access to healthcare does not eliminate disparities in the management of adults with appendicitis. / Lee, Steven L.; Yaghoubian, Arezou; Stark, Rebecca; Shekherdimian, Shant.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 170, No. 2, 01.10.2011, p. 209-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Lee, Steven L. ; Yaghoubian, Arezou ; Stark, Rebecca ; Shekherdimian, Shant. / Equal access to healthcare does not eliminate disparities in the management of adults with appendicitis. In: Journal of Surgical Research. 2011 ; Vol. 170, No. 2. pp. 209-213.
@article{5f6f459cd33948a7b23aeafab80b6977,
title = "Equal access to healthcare does not eliminate disparities in the management of adults with appendicitis",
abstract = "Background: Race and socioeconomic status have led to inequality in access to surgical care, leading to differences in appendiceal perforation rates. However, in a setting of equal health care access, these disparities were not evident. Currently, disparities exist with use of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) in the treatment of appendicitis. This study determines whether equal health care access eliminates differences in the management and outcomes of appendicitis. Methods: A retrospective review from 1998 to 2007 was performed. All members in this single-provider system have equal healthcare access. Socioeconomic data were extracted from the US Census database. Study outcome was use of LA and postoperative morbidity. Independent variables included age (18-44 y, 45-65 y, and >65 y), gender, race, annual mean household income (<40 K, 40-65 K, and >65 K), and education level. Univariate and multivariable (controlling for age, gender, perforation, race/ethnicity, income, and education level) analyses were performed. Results: A total of 16,196 patients were identified (mean age = 41 y, 54{\%} male). Sixty percent of patients underwent LA. On multivariable analysis, male gender was associated with a decreased use of LA (OR 0.84, CI 0.79-0.89, P < 0.0001). There was a lower use of LA in older patients (age > 65 y) and patients age 45-65 y compared with younger patients (18-44 y). There was a lower use of LA in Blacks and a higher rate in Hispanics compared with Whites. Use of LA was higher in high income and middle income patients compared with low income patients. The use of LA was similar across all education levels. Postoperative morbidity was higher in males, older patients (age > 65 y), and patients age 45-65 y. However, postoperative morbidity was similar across all race/ethnic groups and all income levels and education levels. Conclusion: In a setting of equal health care access, there is evidence of gender, racial, age, and socioeconomic disparities for use of LA and worse outcomes for males and older patients. These data suggest that despite equal healthcare access, disparities continue to exist with respect to race and income level for the management of adults with appendicitis.",
keywords = "access to health care, appendicitis, laparoscopy, racial disparities, socioeconomic factors",
author = "Lee, {Steven L.} and Arezou Yaghoubian and Rebecca Stark and Shant Shekherdimian",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jss.2011.02.009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "170",
pages = "209--213",
journal = "Journal of Surgical Research",
issn = "0022-4804",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Equal access to healthcare does not eliminate disparities in the management of adults with appendicitis

AU - Lee, Steven L.

AU - Yaghoubian, Arezou

AU - Stark, Rebecca

AU - Shekherdimian, Shant

PY - 2011/10/1

Y1 - 2011/10/1

N2 - Background: Race and socioeconomic status have led to inequality in access to surgical care, leading to differences in appendiceal perforation rates. However, in a setting of equal health care access, these disparities were not evident. Currently, disparities exist with use of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) in the treatment of appendicitis. This study determines whether equal health care access eliminates differences in the management and outcomes of appendicitis. Methods: A retrospective review from 1998 to 2007 was performed. All members in this single-provider system have equal healthcare access. Socioeconomic data were extracted from the US Census database. Study outcome was use of LA and postoperative morbidity. Independent variables included age (18-44 y, 45-65 y, and >65 y), gender, race, annual mean household income (<40 K, 40-65 K, and >65 K), and education level. Univariate and multivariable (controlling for age, gender, perforation, race/ethnicity, income, and education level) analyses were performed. Results: A total of 16,196 patients were identified (mean age = 41 y, 54% male). Sixty percent of patients underwent LA. On multivariable analysis, male gender was associated with a decreased use of LA (OR 0.84, CI 0.79-0.89, P < 0.0001). There was a lower use of LA in older patients (age > 65 y) and patients age 45-65 y compared with younger patients (18-44 y). There was a lower use of LA in Blacks and a higher rate in Hispanics compared with Whites. Use of LA was higher in high income and middle income patients compared with low income patients. The use of LA was similar across all education levels. Postoperative morbidity was higher in males, older patients (age > 65 y), and patients age 45-65 y. However, postoperative morbidity was similar across all race/ethnic groups and all income levels and education levels. Conclusion: In a setting of equal health care access, there is evidence of gender, racial, age, and socioeconomic disparities for use of LA and worse outcomes for males and older patients. These data suggest that despite equal healthcare access, disparities continue to exist with respect to race and income level for the management of adults with appendicitis.

AB - Background: Race and socioeconomic status have led to inequality in access to surgical care, leading to differences in appendiceal perforation rates. However, in a setting of equal health care access, these disparities were not evident. Currently, disparities exist with use of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) in the treatment of appendicitis. This study determines whether equal health care access eliminates differences in the management and outcomes of appendicitis. Methods: A retrospective review from 1998 to 2007 was performed. All members in this single-provider system have equal healthcare access. Socioeconomic data were extracted from the US Census database. Study outcome was use of LA and postoperative morbidity. Independent variables included age (18-44 y, 45-65 y, and >65 y), gender, race, annual mean household income (<40 K, 40-65 K, and >65 K), and education level. Univariate and multivariable (controlling for age, gender, perforation, race/ethnicity, income, and education level) analyses were performed. Results: A total of 16,196 patients were identified (mean age = 41 y, 54% male). Sixty percent of patients underwent LA. On multivariable analysis, male gender was associated with a decreased use of LA (OR 0.84, CI 0.79-0.89, P < 0.0001). There was a lower use of LA in older patients (age > 65 y) and patients age 45-65 y compared with younger patients (18-44 y). There was a lower use of LA in Blacks and a higher rate in Hispanics compared with Whites. Use of LA was higher in high income and middle income patients compared with low income patients. The use of LA was similar across all education levels. Postoperative morbidity was higher in males, older patients (age > 65 y), and patients age 45-65 y. However, postoperative morbidity was similar across all race/ethnic groups and all income levels and education levels. Conclusion: In a setting of equal health care access, there is evidence of gender, racial, age, and socioeconomic disparities for use of LA and worse outcomes for males and older patients. These data suggest that despite equal healthcare access, disparities continue to exist with respect to race and income level for the management of adults with appendicitis.

KW - access to health care

KW - appendicitis

KW - laparoscopy

KW - racial disparities

KW - socioeconomic factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052812294&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80052812294&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jss.2011.02.009

DO - 10.1016/j.jss.2011.02.009

M3 - Review article

C2 - 21470638

AN - SCOPUS:80052812294

VL - 170

SP - 209

EP - 213

JO - Journal of Surgical Research

JF - Journal of Surgical Research

SN - 0022-4804

IS - 2

ER -