Epoxide hydrolase activities and epoxy fatty acids in the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus

Jiawen Xu, Christophe Morisseau, Jun Yang, Dadala M. Mamatha, Bruce D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Culex mosquitoes have emerged as important model organisms for mosquito biology, and are disease vectors for multiple mosquito-borne pathogens, including West Nile virus. We characterized epoxide hydrolase activities in the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus, which suggested multiple forms of epoxide hydrolases were present. We found EH activities on epoxy eicosatrienoic acids (EETs). EETs and other eicosanoids are well-established lipid signaling molecules in vertebrates. We showed EETs can be synthesized invitro from arachidonic acids by mosquito lysate, and EETs were also detected invivo both in larvae and adult mosquitoes by LC-MS/MS. The EH activities on EETs can be induced by blood feeding, and the highest activity was observed in the midgut of female mosquitoes. The enzyme activities on EETs can be inhibited by urea-based inhibitors designed for mammalian soluble epoxide hydrolases (sEH). The sEH inhibitors have been shown to play diverse biological roles in mammalian systems, and they can be useful tools to study the function of EETs in mosquitoes. Besides juvenile hormone metabolism and detoxification, insect epoxide hydrolases may also play a role in regulating lipid signaling molecules, such as EETs and other epoxy fatty acids, synthesized invivo or obtained from blood feeding by female mosquitoes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-49
Number of pages9
JournalInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Eicosanoid
  • Epoxide hydrolase
  • Epoxy fatty acid
  • Inhibitor
  • Mosquito
  • Signaling molecule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Insect Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Epoxide hydrolase activities and epoxy fatty acids in the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this