Epizootiologic study of bluetongue: virologic and serologic results.

B. I. Osburn, B. McGowan, B. Heron, E. Loomis, R. Bushnell, J. Stott, W. Utterback

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57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heparinized blood and serum samples were obtained from 1,295 ruminants in herds or flocks with bluetongue virus (BTV) infection in 4 western states. Submissions were from herds or flocks with clinical bluetongue (BT), as well as from animals on premises with no history of BT disease. Insects, including Culicoides variipennis, were collected in areas enzootic for BT disease. Viral isolations were in 10-day-old embryonating chicken eggs that were then adapted to Vero cells for serotyping. Sera were tested from group-specific antibody to BTV by the micro agar gel precipitin (AGP) test. Viral isolations were from cattle (81), sheep (122), goats (9), antelope (2), and C varipennis (5). There were 7 isolates of serotype 120, 114 of serotype 11, 42 of serotype 13, and 56 of serotype 17. In herds or flocks from which BTV was isolated, 51% of cattle, 56% of sheep, 21% of goats, and 52% of antelope had AGP antibodies. Virus was isolated from 43% of the cattle and 23% of the sheep that had no demonstrable evidence of AGP antibodies. Viral isolations were seasonal, occurring from August until December. Approximately 30% of the herds or flocks from which virus was isolated had more than one serotype of virus causing infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)884-887
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume42
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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    Osburn, B. I., McGowan, B., Heron, B., Loomis, E., Bushnell, R., Stott, J., & Utterback, W. (1981). Epizootiologic study of bluetongue: virologic and serologic results. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 42(5), 884-887.