Epigenomic strategies at the interface of genetic and environmental risk factors for autism

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been increasing in prevalence over the last two decades, primarily because of increased awareness and diagnosis. However, autism is clearly a complex human genetic disorder that involves interactions between genes and environment. Epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, act at the interface of genetic and environmental risk and protective factors. Advancements in genome-wide sequencing has broadened the view of the human methylome and revealed the organization of the human genome into large-scale methylation domains that footprint over neurologically important genes involved in embryonic development. Future integrative epigenomic analyses of genetic risk factors with environmental exposures and methylome analyses are expected to be important for understanding the complex etiology of ASD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)396-401
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
Volume58
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Fingerprint

Autistic Disorder
Epigenomics
Gene-Environment Interaction
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Environmental Exposure
Medical Genetics
Human Genome
DNA Methylation
Methylation
Embryonic Development
Organizations
Genome
Genes
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Protective Factors

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • DNA methylation
  • Epidemiology
  • Epigenetics
  • Genetics
  • Genomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

Cite this

Epigenomic strategies at the interface of genetic and environmental risk factors for autism. / LaSalle, Janine M.

In: Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. 58, No. 7, 07.2013, p. 396-401.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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