Epidemiology of H5N1 avian influenza

Karen S. Yee, Tim Carpenter, Carol J. Cardona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

High pathogenic (HP) H5N1 avian influenza (AI) infection has been reported in domestic poultry, wildlife, and human populations since 1996. Risk of infection is associated with direct contact with infected birds. The mode of H5N1 spread from Asia to Europe, Africa and the Far East is unclear; risk factors such as legal and illegal domestic poultry and exotic bird trade, and migratory bird movements have been documented. Measures used to control disease such as culling, stamping out, cleaning and disinfection, and vaccination have not been successful in eradicating H5N1 in Asia, but have been effective in Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-340
Number of pages16
JournalComparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009

Keywords

  • Distribution
  • Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza
  • Orthomyxoviridae
  • Pandemic surveillance
  • Poultry diseases
  • Spread
  • Wild aquatic birds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Infectious Diseases

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