Epidemiologic trends of rabies in domestic animals in southern Thailand, 1994-2008

Anyarat Thiptara, Edward R Atwill, Wandee Kongkaew, Bruno B Chomel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rabies and associated risk factors in dogs, cats and cattle (n = 3,454) in southern Thailand during 1994-2008 were evaluated by using a mixed-effect logistic regression model. Overall prevalence was 48%. In dogs, odds of being rabid were 1.7 times higher in unvaccinated dogs than in vaccinated dogs and two times higher in dogs with bite history than in dogs with no known bite history. Similarly, aggressive dogs were more likely to be rabid than non-aggressive dogs. In cattle, aggression, pharyngeal paralysis, hyperactivity, and depression were clinical signs associated with being rabid. Annual fluctuations of the species-specific prevalence of rabies is suggestive of a positive correlation between canine and either feline (r = 0.60, P = 0.05) or bovine rabies (r = 0.78, P = 0.004). Insufficient vaccination coverage led to maintenance of rabies, which could be easily controlled by increased vaccine coverage and public education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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