Epidemiologic evaluation of multiple respiratory pathogens in cats in animal shelters

Michael J. Bannasch, Janet E Foley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Upper respiratory tract infection (URI) propagates readily within cats in shelters and often results in euthanasia of affected cats. In a case-control evaluation of 573 cats in eight shelters in California in 2001 and 2002, the prevalence of feline calicivirus (FCV) was from 13 to 36%, feline herpesvirus (FHV) was from 3 to 38%, and prevalence of Bordetella bronchiseptica, Chlamydophila felis, and Mycoplasma species was from 2 to 14%. Cats with URI tended to be housed in isolation, dehydrated, and younger than cats without URI, and infected with FHV, Mycoplasma species, FCV, or C felis. Shelters differed in the prevalence of pathogens and many cats appeared positive for infection after about 1 week of sheltering. It is helpful for shelters to understand the risk factors associated with URI in order to evaluate the costs and benefits of treatment and improve their procedures to decrease the incidence of URI within their facilities. Antiherpetics and antimycoplasmal drugs may be beneficial for individual animal care. Results document the utility of comprehensive URI surveillance and herd management for specific pathogens typical in that shelter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-119
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005

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Respiratory Tract Infections
respiratory tract diseases
Cats
cats
pathogens
Feline Calicivirus
Felis
Felid herpesvirus 1
Feline calicivirus
animals
Mycoplasma
Herpesviridae
Felidae
Chlamydophila
Chlamydophila felis
Bordetella bronchiseptica
animal care
Euthanasia
euthanasia
Cost-Benefit Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Epidemiologic evaluation of multiple respiratory pathogens in cats in animal shelters. / Bannasch, Michael J.; Foley, Janet E.

In: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, Vol. 7, No. 2, 04.2005, p. 109-119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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