The arachidonic acid 15-lipoxygenase or linoleic acid co-6 lipoxygenase of human neonatal foreskin cultured keratinocytes converts arachidonic acid to 15-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid and linoleic acid to 13-hydroxy-linoleic acid. A mean of 93% of the 15-lipoxygenase activity in sonicates of cultured keratinocytes was recovered in the 400,000 × g supernatant, attesting to the cytosolic localization of this enzyme. Optimal 15-lipoxygenase activity in the 400,000 × g supernatant was expressed at pH 6.7-7.3 and in the presence of calcium at a concentration of 2 mM or higher. Keratinocyte 15-lipoxygenase metabolized arachidonic acid (Km = 10.6 μM) and linoleic acid (Km = 9.5μM) with similar efficiency. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid and 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid both inhibited the conversion of arachidonic acid to 15-HETE with respective 50% inhibitory concentrations of 2.0 μM and 0.9 μM, while ATP, GTP, and cyclic AMP had no effect on activity at pH 6.8-7.2. The enzymatic properties of human keratinocyte 15-lipoxygenase thus resemble those of PMN leukocyte 15-lipoxygenase and the mediators generated may contribute to the regulation of cutaneous sensation and inflammation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Investigative Dermatology|
|State||Published - Oct 1988|
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