Environmental aging of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on soot and its effect on source identification

Daekyun Kim, Benjamin M. Kumfer, Cort Anastasio, Ian M. Kennedy, Thomas M. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soot-associated PAHs were exposed to simulated sunlight to investigate disappearance rates under environmental aging conditions and to examine the robustness of diagnostic ratios for PAH source apportionment. Naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, and fluorene showed an obvious two-phase disappearance in all experiments while phenanthrene and anthracene exhibited this behavior for all but the highest soot loading. The first phase loss is 5-40 times faster than the second phase loss and occurred within 3 h for naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, and fluorene and within 10 h for phenanthrene and anthracene. Two-phase disappearance was not observed for any of the higher molecular weight PAHs with 4-6 rings. Each PAH has a unique loss rate via photodegradation and volatilization and these rates of some PAHs were affected by soot loadings; phenanthrene and anthracene showed similar rates in the first phase and increased loss rates in the second phase as soot loading increased. In the absence of light, the loss of PAHs was related to both temperature and molecular characteristics. Due to differences in disappearance rates of individual PAHs under illumination over extended times, prolonged exposure to sunlight could change the interpretation of some diagnostic ratios used previously for PAH source identification. This result indicates that more consistent and accurate methods that take into consideration the longevity of particulate PAHs are needed for reliable source apportionment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1075-1081
Number of pages7
JournalChemosphere
Volume76
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

Fingerprint

Soot
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
soot
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
PAH
Aging of materials
Sunlight
Anthracene
phenanthrene
Volatilization
Photolysis
Lighting
Naphthalene
naphthalene
Molecular Weight
Light
Temperature
effect
Photodegradation
photodegradation

Keywords

  • Environmental aging
  • PAH
  • Soot
  • Source apportionment
  • Two-phase degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Environmental aging of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on soot and its effect on source identification. / Kim, Daekyun; Kumfer, Benjamin M.; Anastasio, Cort; Kennedy, Ian M.; Young, Thomas M.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 76, No. 8, 08.2009, p. 1075-1081.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Daekyun ; Kumfer, Benjamin M. ; Anastasio, Cort ; Kennedy, Ian M. ; Young, Thomas M. / Environmental aging of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on soot and its effect on source identification. In: Chemosphere. 2009 ; Vol. 76, No. 8. pp. 1075-1081.
@article{125d246d7c074310ad9adba0607c00c5,
title = "Environmental aging of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on soot and its effect on source identification",
abstract = "Soot-associated PAHs were exposed to simulated sunlight to investigate disappearance rates under environmental aging conditions and to examine the robustness of diagnostic ratios for PAH source apportionment. Naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, and fluorene showed an obvious two-phase disappearance in all experiments while phenanthrene and anthracene exhibited this behavior for all but the highest soot loading. The first phase loss is 5-40 times faster than the second phase loss and occurred within 3 h for naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, and fluorene and within 10 h for phenanthrene and anthracene. Two-phase disappearance was not observed for any of the higher molecular weight PAHs with 4-6 rings. Each PAH has a unique loss rate via photodegradation and volatilization and these rates of some PAHs were affected by soot loadings; phenanthrene and anthracene showed similar rates in the first phase and increased loss rates in the second phase as soot loading increased. In the absence of light, the loss of PAHs was related to both temperature and molecular characteristics. Due to differences in disappearance rates of individual PAHs under illumination over extended times, prolonged exposure to sunlight could change the interpretation of some diagnostic ratios used previously for PAH source identification. This result indicates that more consistent and accurate methods that take into consideration the longevity of particulate PAHs are needed for reliable source apportionment.",
keywords = "Environmental aging, PAH, Soot, Source apportionment, Two-phase degradation",
author = "Daekyun Kim and Kumfer, {Benjamin M.} and Cort Anastasio and Kennedy, {Ian M.} and Young, {Thomas M.}",
year = "2009",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.04.031",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "76",
pages = "1075--1081",
journal = "Chemosphere",
issn = "0045-6535",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental aging of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on soot and its effect on source identification

AU - Kim, Daekyun

AU - Kumfer, Benjamin M.

AU - Anastasio, Cort

AU - Kennedy, Ian M.

AU - Young, Thomas M.

PY - 2009/8

Y1 - 2009/8

N2 - Soot-associated PAHs were exposed to simulated sunlight to investigate disappearance rates under environmental aging conditions and to examine the robustness of diagnostic ratios for PAH source apportionment. Naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, and fluorene showed an obvious two-phase disappearance in all experiments while phenanthrene and anthracene exhibited this behavior for all but the highest soot loading. The first phase loss is 5-40 times faster than the second phase loss and occurred within 3 h for naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, and fluorene and within 10 h for phenanthrene and anthracene. Two-phase disappearance was not observed for any of the higher molecular weight PAHs with 4-6 rings. Each PAH has a unique loss rate via photodegradation and volatilization and these rates of some PAHs were affected by soot loadings; phenanthrene and anthracene showed similar rates in the first phase and increased loss rates in the second phase as soot loading increased. In the absence of light, the loss of PAHs was related to both temperature and molecular characteristics. Due to differences in disappearance rates of individual PAHs under illumination over extended times, prolonged exposure to sunlight could change the interpretation of some diagnostic ratios used previously for PAH source identification. This result indicates that more consistent and accurate methods that take into consideration the longevity of particulate PAHs are needed for reliable source apportionment.

AB - Soot-associated PAHs were exposed to simulated sunlight to investigate disappearance rates under environmental aging conditions and to examine the robustness of diagnostic ratios for PAH source apportionment. Naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, and fluorene showed an obvious two-phase disappearance in all experiments while phenanthrene and anthracene exhibited this behavior for all but the highest soot loading. The first phase loss is 5-40 times faster than the second phase loss and occurred within 3 h for naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, and fluorene and within 10 h for phenanthrene and anthracene. Two-phase disappearance was not observed for any of the higher molecular weight PAHs with 4-6 rings. Each PAH has a unique loss rate via photodegradation and volatilization and these rates of some PAHs were affected by soot loadings; phenanthrene and anthracene showed similar rates in the first phase and increased loss rates in the second phase as soot loading increased. In the absence of light, the loss of PAHs was related to both temperature and molecular characteristics. Due to differences in disappearance rates of individual PAHs under illumination over extended times, prolonged exposure to sunlight could change the interpretation of some diagnostic ratios used previously for PAH source identification. This result indicates that more consistent and accurate methods that take into consideration the longevity of particulate PAHs are needed for reliable source apportionment.

KW - Environmental aging

KW - PAH

KW - Soot

KW - Source apportionment

KW - Two-phase degradation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67651177430&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67651177430&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.04.031

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.04.031

M3 - Article

VL - 76

SP - 1075

EP - 1081

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

IS - 8

ER -