Retroviral-mediated transduction of human hematopoietic stem cells to provide a lifelong supply of corrected progeny remains the most daunting challenge to the success of human gene therapy. The paucity of assays to examine transduction of pluripotent human stem cella hampers progress toward this goal. By using the beige/nude/xid (bnx)/hu immune-deficient mouse xenograft system, we compared the transduction and engraftment of human CD34+ progenitors with that of a more primitive and quiescent subpopulation, the CD34+CD38- cells. Comparable extents of human engraftment and lineage development were obtained from 5 x 105 CD34+ cells and 2,00.0 CD34+CD38- cells. Retroviral marking of long-lived progenitors from the CD34+ populations was readily accomplished, but CD34+CD38- cells capable of reconstituting bnx mice were resistant to transduction. Extending the duration of transduction from 3 to 7 days resulted in low levels of transduction of CD34+CD38- cells. Flt3 ligand was required during the 7- day ex vivo culture to maintain the ability of the cells to sustain long- term engraftment and hematopoiesis in the mice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - Feb 15 1998|
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