Energy Loss in Fluid Therapy

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To the Editor: Everyone knows what happens when a cube of ice is dropped into a cup of hot coffee. The ice melts, and the coffee cools. To regain the original temperature, energy in the form of heat must be applied. An analogous situation appears to exist when intravenous fluids are administered at temperature below that of the body. Energy must be expended to heat the fluid to body temperature. This constitutes an obligatory energy loss, and may be a crucial factor to a patient in severe shock. As an example a 450-kg (1000-lb) horse in severe shock might be ….

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1328-1329
Number of pages2
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume285
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 1971

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Fluid Therapy
Coffee
Ice
Body Temperature
Shock
Hot Temperature
Horses
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Energy Loss in Fluid Therapy. / Carlson, Gary.

In: New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 285, No. 23, 02.12.1971, p. 1328-1329.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Carlson, Gary. / Energy Loss in Fluid Therapy. In: New England Journal of Medicine. 1971 ; Vol. 285, No. 23. pp. 1328-1329.
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