Previous studies have shown that vascular endothelial cells exhibit a highly active Na-K-Cl cotransport system that is regulated by a variety of vasoactive hormones and neurotransmitters, suggesting that the cotransporter may play an important role in endothelial cell function. In this study, the regulation of endothelial cell Na-K-Cl cotransport was further investigated by probing the stimulus-transfer pathway by which vasoactive agents stimulate the cotransporter. Specifically, three peptides previously shown to stimulate cotransport activity (angiotensin II, vasopressin, and bradykinin) were evaluated. Na-K-Cl cotransport was assessed in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells as bumetanide-sensitive K+ influx. Stimulation of Na-K-Cl cotransport by angiotensin II, vasopressin, or bradykinin was found to be reduced either by removal of extracellular Ca2+ or by treatment of the cells with 8-(N,N-diethylamino)octyl-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate or 1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid. In addition, the calmodulin antagonist W-7 was found to prevent stimulation of endothelial cell Na-K-Cl cotransport by the three peptides. These findings suggest that regulation of endothelial cell cotransport by these vasoactive peptides may be both Ca2+-and calmodulin-dependent. Angiotensin II, vasopressin, and bradykinin were also found to elevate phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis in the cultured endothelial cells. Thus, the possibility that regulation of endothelial Na-K-Cl cotransport by these vasoactive peptides also involves diacylglycerol activation of protein kinase C was investigated. A 10-min exposure of the endothelial cells to low doses of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate was found to reduce Na-K-Cl cotransport whether in the presence or absence of angiotensin II, vasopressin, or bradykinin. However, down-regulation of protein kinase C by a 40-h exposure to higher doses of the phorbol ester was found to elevate Na-K-Cl cotransport activity under both control and agonist-stimulated conditions, indicating that activation of protein kinase C results in inhibition of endothelial cell Na-K-Cl cotransport. Thus, protein kinase C activation may serve as negative feedback in the stimulus-transfer pathway by which these agonists regulate endothelial cell Na-K-Cl cotransport.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
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