Endoscopic fluorescence lifetime imaging for in vivo intraoperative diagnosis of oral carcinoma

Yinghua Sun, Jennifer E. Phipps, Jeremy Meier, Nisa Hatami, Brian Poirier, Daniel S. Elson, D Gregory Farwell, Laura Marcu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


A clinically compatible fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) system was developed. The system was applied to intraoperative in vivo imaging of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The endoscopic FLIM prototype integrates a gated (down to 0.2 ns) intensifier imaging system and a fiber-bundle endoscope (0.5-mm-diameter, 10,000 fibers with a gradient index lens objective 0.5 NA, 4-mm field of view), which provides intraoperative access to the surgical field. Tissue autofluorescence was induced by a pulsed laser (337 nm, 700 ps pulse width) and collected in the 460 ± 25 nm spectral band. FLIM experiments were conducted at 26 anatomic sites in ten patients during head and neck cancer surgery. HNSCC exhibited a weaker florescence intensity (~50% less) when compared with healthy tissue and a shorter average lifetime (τHNSCC = 1.21 ± 0.04 ns) than the surrounding normal tissue (τN = 1.49 ± 0.06 ns). This work demonstrates the potential of FLIM for label-free head and neck tumor demarcation during intraoperative surgical procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-798
Number of pages8
JournalMicroscopy and Microanalysis
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2013


  • Cancer diagnosis
  • Endoscopy
  • Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM)
  • Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)
  • Intraoperative diagnosis
  • Tissue autofluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation


Dive into the research topics of 'Endoscopic fluorescence lifetime imaging for in vivo intraoperative diagnosis of oral carcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this