Endogenous Electric Signaling as a Blueprint for Conductive Materials in Tissue Engineering

Alena Casella, Alyssa Panitch, J. Kent Leach

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bioelectricity plays an important role in cell behavior and tissue modulation, but is understudied in tissue engineering research. Endogenous electrical signaling arises from the transmembrane potential inherent to all cells and contributes to many cell behaviors, including migration, adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. Electrical signals are also involved in tissue development and repair. Synthetic and natural conductive materials are under investigation for leveraging endogenous electrical signaling cues in tissue engineering applications due to their ability to direct cell differentiation, aid in maturing electroactive cell types, and promote tissue functionality. In this review, we provide a brief overview of bioelectricity and its impact on cell behavior, report recent literature using conductive materials for tissue engineering, and discuss opportunities within the field to improve experimental design when using conductive substrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-41
Number of pages15
JournalBioelectricity
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • bioelectricity
  • conductive polymers
  • electrical stimulation
  • endogenous electric field
  • tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Transplantation

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