Emerging Translational Opportunities in Comparative Oncology With Companion Canine Cancers: Radiation Oncology

Michael W. Nolan, Michael S. Kent, Mary Keara Boss

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

It is estimated that more than 6 million pet dogs are diagnosed with cancer annually in the USA. Both primary care and specialist veterinarians are frequently called upon to provide clinical care that improves the quality and/or quantity of life for affected animals. Because these cancers develop spontaneously in animals that often share the same environment as their owners, have intact immune systems and are of similar size to humans, and because the diagnostic tests and treatments for these cancers are similar to those used for management of human cancers, canine cancer provides an opportunity for research that simultaneously helps improve both canine and human health care. This is especially true in the field of radiation oncology, for which there is a rich and continually evolving history of learning from the careful study of pet dogs undergoing various forms of radiotherapy. The purpose of this review article is to inform readers of the potential utility and limitations of using dogs in that manner; the peer-reviewed literature will be critically reviewed, and current research efforts will be discussed. The article concludes with a look toward promising future directions and applications of this pet dog “model”.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1291
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2019

Keywords

  • animal models of cancer
  • canine comparative radiation oncology
  • imaging
  • medical physics
  • radiation oncology
  • radiobiology
  • theranostics
  • translational research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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