Emerging Gene and Small Molecule Therapies for the Neurodevelopmental Disorder Angelman Syndrome

Nycole A. Copping, Stephanie M. McTighe, Kyle D. Fink, Jill L Silverman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Angelman syndrome (AS) is a rare (~1:15,000) neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe developmental delay and intellectual disability, impaired communication skills, and a high prevalence of seizures, sleep disturbances, ataxia, motor deficits, and microcephaly. AS is caused by loss-of-function of the maternally inherited UBE3A gene. UBE3A is located on chromosome 15q11–13 and is biallelically expressed throughout the body but only maternally expressed in the brain due to an RNA antisense transcript that silences the paternal copy. There is currently no cure for AS, but advancements in small molecule drugs and gene therapies offer a promising approach for the treatment of the disorder. Here, we review AS and how loss-of-function of the maternal UBE3A contributes to the disorder. We also discuss the strengths and limitations of current animal models of AS. Furthermore, we examine potential small molecule drug and gene therapies for the treatment of AS and associated challenges faced by the therapeutic design. Finally, gene therapy offers the opportunity for precision medicine in AS and advancements in the treatment of this disorder can serve as a foundation for other single-gene neurodevelopmental disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurotherapeutics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Angelman syndrome
  • Animal models
  • Antisense oligonucleotides
  • Delivery
  • Gene therapy
  • Pharmacology
  • Precision medicine
  • Preclinical
  • Seizures
  • Small molecules
  • Stem cells
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Emerging Gene and Small Molecule Therapies for the Neurodevelopmental Disorder Angelman Syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this