Emergencies of the Liver, Gallbladder, and Pancreas

Troy W. Privette, Matthew C. Carlisle, James K. Palma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abdominal pain is a common presenting complaint in today's emergency department (ED). Disorders related to the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas are responsible for many of these presentations. With the increasing prevalence of gallstones, as well as alcohol use and abuse, the numbers of cases are likely to increase. This article examines hepatic emergencies including alcoholic hepatitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatorenal syndrome, and hepatic encephalopathy. In addition, the authors review the presentation, evaluation, and management of acute biliary tract disorders with some emphasis on bedside ultrasonography. Evaluation and treatment of pancreatitis and its complications in the ED are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-317
Number of pages25
JournalEmergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Cholangitis
  • Cholecystitis
  • Choledocholithiasis
  • Hepatic encephalopathy
  • Hepatorenal syndrome
  • Pancreatitis
  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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