Elevated resting [Ca2+]i in myotubes expressing malignant hyperthermia RyR1 cDNAs is partially restored by modulation of passive calcium leak from the SR

Tianzhong Yang, Eric Esteve, Isaac N Pessah, Tadeusz F. Molinski, Paul D. Allen, José R. López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle triggered in susceptible individuals by inhalation anesthetics and depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxants. This syndrome has been linked to a missense mutation in the type 1 ryanodine receptor (RyR1) in more than 50% of cases studied to date. Using double-barreled Ca2+ microelectrodes in myotubes expressing wild-type RyR1 (WTRyR1) or RyR1 with one of four common MH mutations (MHRyR1), we measured resting intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). Changes in resting [Ca2+]i produced by several drugs known to modulate the RyR1 channel complex were investigated. We found that myotubes expressing any of the MHRyR1s had a 2.0- to 3.7-fold higher resting [Ca2+]i than those expressing WTRyR1. Exposure of myotubes expressing MHRyR1s to ryanodine (500 μM) or (2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenyl)isopropylamine (FLA 365; 20 μM) had no effects on their resting [Ca2+]i. However, when myotubes were exposed to bastadin 5 alone or to a combination of ryanodine and bastadin 5, the resting [Ca2+]i was significantly reduced (P < 0.01). Interestingly, the percent decrease in resting [Ca2+]i in myotubes expressing MHRyR1s was significantly greater than that for WTRyR1. From these data, we propose that the high resting myoplasmic [Ca2+]i in MHRyR1 expressing myotubes is due in part to a related structural conformation of MHRyR1s that favors "passive" calcium leak from the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume292
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

Fingerprint

Malignant Hyperthermia
Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel
Skeletal Muscle Fibers
Complementary DNA
Modulation
Calcium
Ryanodine
Neuromuscular Depolarizing Agents
Neuromuscular Agents
Inhalation Anesthetics
Microelectrodes
Pharmacogenetics
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Missense Mutation
Muscle
Conformations
Skeletal Muscle
Mutation
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Bastadin 5
  • FLA 365
  • Resting intracellular calcium concentration
  • Ryanodine
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Elevated resting [Ca2+]i in myotubes expressing malignant hyperthermia RyR1 cDNAs is partially restored by modulation of passive calcium leak from the SR. / Yang, Tianzhong; Esteve, Eric; Pessah, Isaac N; Molinski, Tadeusz F.; Allen, Paul D.; López, José R.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 292, No. 5, 05.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle triggered in susceptible individuals by inhalation anesthetics and depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxants. This syndrome has been linked to a missense mutation in the type 1 ryanodine receptor (RyR1) in more than 50{\%} of cases studied to date. Using double-barreled Ca2+ microelectrodes in myotubes expressing wild-type RyR1 (WTRyR1) or RyR1 with one of four common MH mutations (MHRyR1), we measured resting intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). Changes in resting [Ca2+]i produced by several drugs known to modulate the RyR1 channel complex were investigated. We found that myotubes expressing any of the MHRyR1s had a 2.0- to 3.7-fold higher resting [Ca2+]i than those expressing WTRyR1. Exposure of myotubes expressing MHRyR1s to ryanodine (500 μM) or (2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenyl)isopropylamine (FLA 365; 20 μM) had no effects on their resting [Ca2+]i. However, when myotubes were exposed to bastadin 5 alone or to a combination of ryanodine and bastadin 5, the resting [Ca2+]i was significantly reduced (P < 0.01). Interestingly, the percent decrease in resting [Ca2+]i in myotubes expressing MHRyR1s was significantly greater than that for WTRyR1. From these data, we propose that the high resting myoplasmic [Ca2+]i in MHRyR1 expressing myotubes is due in part to a related structural conformation of MHRyR1s that favors {"}passive{"} calcium leak from the sarcoplasmic reticulum.",
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AU - Molinski, Tadeusz F.

AU - Allen, Paul D.

AU - López, José R.

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AB - Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle triggered in susceptible individuals by inhalation anesthetics and depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxants. This syndrome has been linked to a missense mutation in the type 1 ryanodine receptor (RyR1) in more than 50% of cases studied to date. Using double-barreled Ca2+ microelectrodes in myotubes expressing wild-type RyR1 (WTRyR1) or RyR1 with one of four common MH mutations (MHRyR1), we measured resting intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). Changes in resting [Ca2+]i produced by several drugs known to modulate the RyR1 channel complex were investigated. We found that myotubes expressing any of the MHRyR1s had a 2.0- to 3.7-fold higher resting [Ca2+]i than those expressing WTRyR1. Exposure of myotubes expressing MHRyR1s to ryanodine (500 μM) or (2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenyl)isopropylamine (FLA 365; 20 μM) had no effects on their resting [Ca2+]i. However, when myotubes were exposed to bastadin 5 alone or to a combination of ryanodine and bastadin 5, the resting [Ca2+]i was significantly reduced (P < 0.01). Interestingly, the percent decrease in resting [Ca2+]i in myotubes expressing MHRyR1s was significantly greater than that for WTRyR1. From these data, we propose that the high resting myoplasmic [Ca2+]i in MHRyR1 expressing myotubes is due in part to a related structural conformation of MHRyR1s that favors "passive" calcium leak from the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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