Electronic device generated light increases reactive oxygen species in human fibroblasts

Evan Austin, Amy Huang, Tony Adar, Erica Wang, Jared Jagdeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Objectives: Our skin is constantly exposed to light from solar radiation and electronic devices, which impact skin physiology and aging. The biological altering properties of ultraviolet (UV) solar radiation on skin have been well established. There is significant scientific and public interest on the effects of electronic device generated light (EDGL) on skin. Currently, the effects of EDGL on skin are largely unknown. EDGL includes UV, visible, and infrared light from consumer electronics such as smartphones, computers, and televisions. In this study, we measured the wavelength specific irradiance from electronic devices, and irradiated fibroblasts with white EDGL to determine changes in reactive oxygen species generation, apoptosis, and necrosis. Methods: To determine the EDGL output of commonly used consumer electronic devices, we measured the irradiance from electronic devices at the manufacturers' recommended reading distances and at 1cm. To determine the effect of EDGL on human skin cells, we irradiated AG13145 fibroblasts with EDGL for 1hour at a distance of 1cm and measured changes in reactive oxygen species generation, apoptosis, and necrosis. Results: ROS increased significantly by 81.71%, 85.79%, and 92.98% relative to control following 1 hour of white EDGL from iPhone 8+, iPhone 6, and iPad (first generation), respectively. There was a non-significant change in apoptosis following irradiation with an iPhone 8+, iPhone 6, and iPad. Total necrosis was less than 2% for all treatment and control groups. Conclusions: Our results suggest that short exposures of EDGL increase ROS generation, but the long-term effects associated with repeated exposures of EDGL are unknown. As electronic devices become more widely used and integrated into society globally, we anticipate greater scientific research and general public interest on the effects of visible EDGL on skin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalLasers in Surgery and Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018



  • Apoptosis
  • Electronic devices
  • Fibroblast
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Visible light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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