Electron beam/converter target interactions in radiographic accelerators

J. McCarrick, George J Caporaso, F. Chambers, Y. J. Chen, S. Falabella, F. Goldin, G. Guethlein, D. Ho, R. Richardson, J. Weir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


Linear induction accelerators used in X-ray radiography have single-pulse parameters of the order 20 MeV of electron beam energy, 2 kA of beam current, pulse lengths of 50-100 ns, and spot sizes of 1-2 mm. The thermal energy deposited in a bremsstrahlung converter target made of tantalum from such a pulse is ∼80 kJ/cc, more than enough to bring the target material to a partially ionized state. The tail end of a single beam pulse, or any subsequent pulse in a multi-pulse train, undergoes a number of interactions with the target that can affect beam transport and radiographic performance. Positive ions extracted from the target plasma by the electron beam space charge can affect the beam focus and centroid stability. As the target expands on the inter-pulse time scale, the integrated line density of material decreases, eventually affecting the X-ray output of the system. If the target plume becomes sufficiently large, beam transport through it is affected by macroscopic charge and current neutralization effects and microscopic beam/plasma instability mechanisms. We will present a survey of some of these interactions, as well as some results of an extensive experimental and theoretical campaign to understand the practical amelioration of these effects, carried out at the ETA-II accelerator facility at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference
EditorsJ. Chew, P. Lucas, S. Webber
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes
EventPAC 2003 - Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference - Portland, OR, United States
Duration: May 12 2003May 16 2003


OtherPAC 2003 - Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPortland, OR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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