Electroclinical correlates of flumazenil and fluorodeoxyglucose PET abnormalities in lesional epilepsy

C. Juhász, D. C. Chugani, O. Muzik, Craig Watson, J. Shah, A. Shah, H. T. Chugani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the clinical utility of [11C]flumazenil (FMZ) PET to detect perilesional and remote cortical areas of abnormal benzodiazepine receptor binding in relation to MRI, 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) PET, and electrocorticographic (ECoG) findings as well as clinical characteristics of the epilepsy in epileptic patients with brain lesion. Background: The success of resective surgery in patients with medically intractable epilepsy and brain lesion depends not only on removal of the lesion itself but also on the reliable presurgical delineation of the epileptic cortex that commonly extends beyond it. PET could provide a noninvasive identification of such epileptogenic areas. Methods: Seventeen patients underwent high resolution MRI, FDG and FMZ PET, and presurgical EEG evaluation, including chronic intracranial ECoG monitoring or intraoperative ECoG, Regional cortical FDG/FMZ PET abnormalities were defined on partial volume-corrected PET images using an objective method based on a semiautomated definition of areas with abnormal asymmetry. Structural lesions were defined on coregistered MRI. The marked PET abnormalities visualized on three-dimensional cortical surface were compared with each other, to the extent of MRI-defined lesion, as well as to ECoG findings. Results: The mean surface extent of FMZ PET abnormalities was significantly larger than the corresponding structural lesions, but it was significantly smaller than areas of glucose hypometabolism. The size of perilesional FDG PET abnormalities showed a correlation with the lifetime number of seizures (r = 0.93, p = 0.001). The extent of perilesional FMZ PET abnormalities was independent of the seizure number and showed an excellent correspondence with spiking cortex, the resection of which resulted in seizure-free outcome in all but one operated patient. Remote FMZ PET abnormalities (n = 6) were associated with early age at seizure onset (p = 0.048) and appeared in ipsilateral synaptically connected regions from the lesion area. Conclusions: Three-dimensional surface-rendered FMZ PET is able to delineate perilesional epileptic cortex, and it may be especially useful to localize such areas in patients with extensive perilesional glucose hypometabolism associated with a large number of seizures. Remote FMZ PET abnormalities in patients with early onset and long duration of epilepsy might represent secondary epileptogenesis, but this requires further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-834
Number of pages10
JournalNeurology
Volume55
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 26 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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