Electrocardiographic findings associated with very low calorie dieting

H. C. Seim, J. E. Mitchell, Claire Pomeroy, M. De Zwaan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety of very low calorie diets (VLCD) in regard to their effects on cardiac function. DESIGN: EKG changes were analyzed for 126 women on a VLCD of 3349 kJ/d (800 kcal/d), EKGs were done when the diet was begun, after 3 months of dieting, and at a 6 month follow up after being off the diet for 3 months. SETTING: Subjects were solicited through advertisements and charged $1,000 for participating after being screened for age, weight, and health status. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: EKG QTc intervals, PR interval, QRS interval, ST-T wave changes, and heart rate. RESULTS: Over one-fourth (27.0%) of subjects had normal EKGs at all three time points studied, Sinus bradycardia was the most common abnormality, observed in 60 subjects (47.6%) on at least one of the three EKGs. Fifty-eight (46%) patients had EKGs with ST-T wave abnormalities observed on at least one of the EKGs. Eight subjects (6.4%) had prolonged QTc (more than one standard deviation beyond the average for women) intervals on at least one EKG. None of these eight persons had significant untoward medical consequences. CONCLUSION: A VLCD diet of 3349 kJ/d (800 kcal/d) for up to 3 months is not associated with significant electrocardiographic abnormalities or clinical cardiac complications, provided the patients have low cardiovascular risk at baseline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-819
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume19
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EKG
  • Qtc interval
  • Very low calorie diets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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  • Cite this

    Seim, H. C., Mitchell, J. E., Pomeroy, C., & De Zwaan, M. (1995). Electrocardiographic findings associated with very low calorie dieting. International Journal of Obesity, 19(11), 817-819.