Electric fields and MAP kinase signaling can regulate early wound healing in lens epithelium

Entong Wang, Min Zhao, John V. Forrester, Colin D. McCaig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE. To use lens epithelial cell monolayer wounds as a model system for the aberrant cell migration underlying posterior capsule opacification (PCO) and to investigate the effects of an applied physiological electric field (EF) on monolayer wound healing. METHODS. Scratch wounds were made in cultured bovine lens epithelial monolayers, and the wounds were exposed to an EF, with or without U0126 treatment (an inhibitor of active extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK 1/2]). Serial wound images were taken and wound areas were measured. Western blot analysis and immunocytochemical staining for ERK 1/2 in the wounded monolayers were performed. RESULTS. An applied EF of a given polarity influenced the healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds. Wounds facing the anode healed at normal rates, those facing the cathode closed much more slowly. U0126, an inhibitor of mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, inhibited wound healing, with or without exposure to an EF. Western blot analysis showed that both wounding and application of an EF enhanced the activation of ERK 1/2 independently and that U0126 completely inhibited these activations of ERK 1/2 in monolayers. Immunocytochemical staining showed an asymmetric activation of ERK 1/2 in EF-exposed wounds, with much weaker fluorescence in cathode-facing wounds, which could contribute to dffferentially directed wound-healing rates in an EF. CONCLUSIONS. Exposure to an EF inhibited the healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds facing the cathode. ERK signaling pathways were involved in healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds and in the EF-directed migration of the wound edge. It may be possible to use an applied EF to regulate the aberrant migration of lens epithelial cells that results in PCO after cataract surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-249
Number of pages6
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Wound Healing
Lenses
Phosphotransferases
Epithelium
Wounds and Injuries
Electrodes
Capsule Opacification
Western Blotting
Epithelial Cells
Staining and Labeling
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
MAP Kinase Signaling System
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Cataract
Cell Movement
Fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Electric fields and MAP kinase signaling can regulate early wound healing in lens epithelium. / Wang, Entong; Zhao, Min; Forrester, John V.; McCaig, Colin D.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 44, No. 1, 01.01.2003, p. 244-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "PURPOSE. To use lens epithelial cell monolayer wounds as a model system for the aberrant cell migration underlying posterior capsule opacification (PCO) and to investigate the effects of an applied physiological electric field (EF) on monolayer wound healing. METHODS. Scratch wounds were made in cultured bovine lens epithelial monolayers, and the wounds were exposed to an EF, with or without U0126 treatment (an inhibitor of active extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK 1/2]). Serial wound images were taken and wound areas were measured. Western blot analysis and immunocytochemical staining for ERK 1/2 in the wounded monolayers were performed. RESULTS. An applied EF of a given polarity influenced the healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds. Wounds facing the anode healed at normal rates, those facing the cathode closed much more slowly. U0126, an inhibitor of mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, inhibited wound healing, with or without exposure to an EF. Western blot analysis showed that both wounding and application of an EF enhanced the activation of ERK 1/2 independently and that U0126 completely inhibited these activations of ERK 1/2 in monolayers. Immunocytochemical staining showed an asymmetric activation of ERK 1/2 in EF-exposed wounds, with much weaker fluorescence in cathode-facing wounds, which could contribute to dffferentially directed wound-healing rates in an EF. CONCLUSIONS. Exposure to an EF inhibited the healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds facing the cathode. ERK signaling pathways were involved in healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds and in the EF-directed migration of the wound edge. It may be possible to use an applied EF to regulate the aberrant migration of lens epithelial cells that results in PCO after cataract surgery.",
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N2 - PURPOSE. To use lens epithelial cell monolayer wounds as a model system for the aberrant cell migration underlying posterior capsule opacification (PCO) and to investigate the effects of an applied physiological electric field (EF) on monolayer wound healing. METHODS. Scratch wounds were made in cultured bovine lens epithelial monolayers, and the wounds were exposed to an EF, with or without U0126 treatment (an inhibitor of active extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK 1/2]). Serial wound images were taken and wound areas were measured. Western blot analysis and immunocytochemical staining for ERK 1/2 in the wounded monolayers were performed. RESULTS. An applied EF of a given polarity influenced the healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds. Wounds facing the anode healed at normal rates, those facing the cathode closed much more slowly. U0126, an inhibitor of mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, inhibited wound healing, with or without exposure to an EF. Western blot analysis showed that both wounding and application of an EF enhanced the activation of ERK 1/2 independently and that U0126 completely inhibited these activations of ERK 1/2 in monolayers. Immunocytochemical staining showed an asymmetric activation of ERK 1/2 in EF-exposed wounds, with much weaker fluorescence in cathode-facing wounds, which could contribute to dffferentially directed wound-healing rates in an EF. CONCLUSIONS. Exposure to an EF inhibited the healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds facing the cathode. ERK signaling pathways were involved in healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds and in the EF-directed migration of the wound edge. It may be possible to use an applied EF to regulate the aberrant migration of lens epithelial cells that results in PCO after cataract surgery.

AB - PURPOSE. To use lens epithelial cell monolayer wounds as a model system for the aberrant cell migration underlying posterior capsule opacification (PCO) and to investigate the effects of an applied physiological electric field (EF) on monolayer wound healing. METHODS. Scratch wounds were made in cultured bovine lens epithelial monolayers, and the wounds were exposed to an EF, with or without U0126 treatment (an inhibitor of active extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK 1/2]). Serial wound images were taken and wound areas were measured. Western blot analysis and immunocytochemical staining for ERK 1/2 in the wounded monolayers were performed. RESULTS. An applied EF of a given polarity influenced the healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds. Wounds facing the anode healed at normal rates, those facing the cathode closed much more slowly. U0126, an inhibitor of mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, inhibited wound healing, with or without exposure to an EF. Western blot analysis showed that both wounding and application of an EF enhanced the activation of ERK 1/2 independently and that U0126 completely inhibited these activations of ERK 1/2 in monolayers. Immunocytochemical staining showed an asymmetric activation of ERK 1/2 in EF-exposed wounds, with much weaker fluorescence in cathode-facing wounds, which could contribute to dffferentially directed wound-healing rates in an EF. CONCLUSIONS. Exposure to an EF inhibited the healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds facing the cathode. ERK signaling pathways were involved in healing of lens epithelial monolayer wounds and in the EF-directed migration of the wound edge. It may be possible to use an applied EF to regulate the aberrant migration of lens epithelial cells that results in PCO after cataract surgery.

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