Eisenmenger's complex in a Holstein-Friesian cow

B. J. Gavaghan, Mark D Kittleson, Hev Decock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 4.5-year-old, Holstein-Friesian cow presented with a 1-month history of severe exercise intolerance. Rectal examination and transrectal ultrasonography revealed a large mass in the left retroperitoneum. The heart rate was 70 to 80/min. Premature ventricular complexes and ventricular bigeminy were present on an electrocardiogram. Erythrocytosis was present and blood gas analysis revealed marked hypoxaemia. An echocardiogram demonstrated a large ventricular septal defect, a partially dextroposed aorta, and concentric hypertrophy of the right ventricular free wall. Colour flow Doppler echocardiography and a contrast echocardiographic study demonstrated a right-to-left shunt through the ventricular septal defect. Eisenmenger's complex was diagnosed. The patient was euthanased. Necropsy confirmed the gross cardiac lesions indentified by echocardiography and an abscess in the apex of the left ventricle. Severe pulmonary arterial lesions were present, consistent with a marked increased in pulmonary vascular resistance. Actinomyces pyogenes was cultured from abscesses of the retroperitoneum and the ventricular apex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-40
Number of pages4
JournalAustralian Veterinary Journal
Volume79
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2001

Fingerprint

Eisenmenger Complex
Ventricular Heart Septal Defects
echocardiography
abscess
lesions (animal)
Abscess
Holstein
lungs
Doppler Color Echocardiography
polycythemia
Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
Arcanobacterium pyogenes
cows
Actinomyces
Polycythemia
Blood Gas Analysis
Ventricular Premature Complexes
electrocardiography
blood gases
aorta

Keywords

  • Cow
  • Echocardiogram
  • Eisenmenger's complex
  • Premature ventricular complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Eisenmenger's complex in a Holstein-Friesian cow. / Gavaghan, B. J.; Kittleson, Mark D; Decock, Hev.

In: Australian Veterinary Journal, Vol. 79, No. 1, 01.2001, p. 37-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gavaghan, BJ, Kittleson, MD & Decock, H 2001, 'Eisenmenger's complex in a Holstein-Friesian cow', Australian Veterinary Journal, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 37-40.
Gavaghan, B. J. ; Kittleson, Mark D ; Decock, Hev. / Eisenmenger's complex in a Holstein-Friesian cow. In: Australian Veterinary Journal. 2001 ; Vol. 79, No. 1. pp. 37-40.
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