Efficient conversion of sugars, cellulose, and cellulosic biomass into furan- And levulinate-based chemicals and fuels

Mark Mascal, Pieter Stroeve, Edward B. Nikitin, David R. Lane, Saikat Dutta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe a novel method to efficiently convert waste biomass (agricultural, municipal, forestry) into biofuels and value-added products. The process is completely chemical in nature, operates under mild conditions, involves no expensive catalysts, and produces no waste stream. The technology involves the acidic digestion of the carbohydrate content of biomass (cellulose, starch, sugars) in a biphasic reactor at 80 °C for 2-3 hours to give 5-(chloromethyl)furfural (CMF) as the main product in isolated yields of 80-90%. To our knowledge, no other method of biomass deconstruction gives such complete conversion of cellulose into a simple organic molecule. We present CMF here as an emerging renewable platform chemical, providing access to a versatile portfolio of derivatives, including non-toxic, energy-dense fuels, monomers for renewable plastics, and specialty chemicals (agricultural and pharmaceutical).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - 2011
Event241st ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 27 2011Mar 31 2011

Other

Other241st ACS National Meeting and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA
Period3/27/113/31/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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    Mascal, M., Stroeve, P., Nikitin, E. B., Lane, D. R., & Dutta, S. (2011). Efficient conversion of sugars, cellulose, and cellulosic biomass into furan- And levulinate-based chemicals and fuels. In ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts