Efficacy of Routine Intraoperative Cranio-Femoral Traction in Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Curves Measuring Between 50° and 90°

Jacob R. Carl, Gurpal Pannu, Evan Cherng Yeh Chua, Adam Bacon, Blythe Durbin-Johnson, Yashar Javidan, Eric O. Klineberg, Rolando F. Roberto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Design: Retrospective Comparative Study, Level III. Objective: In patients with scoliosis >90°, cranio-femoral traction (CFT) has been shown to obtain comparable curve correction with decreased operative time and blood loss. Routine intraoperative CFT use in the treatment of AIS <90° has not been established definitively. This study investigates the effectiveness of intraoperative CFT in the treatment of AIS between 50° and 90°, comparing the magnitude of curve correction, blood loss, operative time, and traction-related complications with and without CFT. Methods: 73 patients with curves less than 90° were identified, 36 without and 37 with cranio-femoral traction. Neuromuscular scoliosis and revision surgery were excluded. Age, preoperative Cobb angles, bending angles, and curve types were recorded. Surgical characteristics were analyzed including number of levels fused, estimated blood loss, operative time, major curve correction (%), and degree of postoperative kyphosis. Results: Patients with traction had significantly higher preoperative major curves but no difference in age or flexibility. Lenke 1 curves had significantly shorter operative time and improvement in curve correction with traction. Among subjects with 5 to 8 levels fused, subjects with traction had significantly less EBL. Operative time was significantly shorter for subjects with 5-8 levels and 9-11 levels fused. Curves measuring 50°-75° showed improved correction with traction. Conclusion: Intraoperative traction resulted in shorter intraoperative time and greater correction of major curves during surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis less than 90°. Strong considerations should be given to use of intraoperative CFT for moderate AIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • blood loss
  • operative time
  • retrospective
  • scoliosis
  • traction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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