Efficacy of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Spinal Fusion in a Rat Ovariectomy Osteoporosis Model

Min Kyun Na, In Suk Bae, Hyeong Joong Yi, Byung Rok Do, Kee D. Kim, Hyoung Joon Chun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of human adipose-derived stem cells (h-ADSCs) in spinal fusion in an osteoporotic rat model. MATERIAL and METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats (n=40) underwent ovariectomy and were then randomly assigned into two groups: ovariectomy (OVX) (OVX + fusion) and h-ADSCs (OVX + fusion + h-ADSCs). Six weeks after OVX, we performed bilateral lumbar spinal fusion using the autologous iliac bone with or without administration of h-ADSCs. The efficacy of the spinal fusion was then assessed using manual palpation, lateral ending, morphogenic examinations, and histology six weeks the after fusion procedure. RESULTS: Fusion bed volume was different between the two groups but not significantly. However, the fusion bed density was higher in the h-ADSC group than in the OVX group. Manual palpation (70% vs. 40%, p=0.112) and lateral bending (95% vs. 55%, p=0.011) produced higher fusion rates in the h-ADSC group than in the OVX group. Additionally, a histologic examination revealed new bone formation at the fusion bed between the lamina and implanted iliac crest bone in the h-ADSC group, whereas, in the OVX group, the fusion masses were composed of fibroblastic proliferation. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that the administration of h-ADSCs may have advantages in bone formation and consolidation but does not lead to bone overgrowth. These findings indicate that the administration of h-ADSCs is an alternative and efficient method for spinal fusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-260
Number of pages10
JournalTurkish Neurosurgery
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Adipose-derived stem cell
  • Osteoporosis
  • Ovariectomy
  • Spinal fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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