Effekte der frühen Östrogenersatztherapie auf die knochenstabilität von ovarektomierten ratten: Eine biomechanische und radiologische untersuchung am tibiaplateau

Translated title of the contribution: Effects on early estrogen replacement therapy in stability of ovariectomized rat bones. A biomechanical and radiological study on the tibia plateau

M. W. Kröber, Nancy E Lane, J. C. Lotz, M. Thomsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Postmenopausal osteoporosis leads to a significant increase in bone fragility. In this study we used the rat tibia plateau fracture model to investigate the efficiency of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) to mitigate the post-ovariectomy decrease in fracture load. A total of 73 virgin Sprague Dawley rats had been ovariectomized and 26 animals underwent sham operation. The ovariectomized animals were either untreated (n=35) or treated with estrogen injections (10 μg/kg per day 3 days a week until sacrifice), starting treatment at either 0, 5, 8, or 13 days post surgery. Before starting ERT and at 50 days post surgery, the trabecular structure of the right proximal tibial metaphysis of each animal was imaged non-invasively using high resolution X-ray topography. The animals were then sacrificed and the right knee from each animal was harvested and mounted into a servo-hydraulic materials testing system so that the distal femoral condyle could be forced into the proximal tibial plateau until fracture occurred. The failure load (F) of the ovariectomized group without estrogen administration was significantly less than that for the sham group. The mean stiffness (K) of the ovariectomized group was 22 percent less than that of the sham group, though this difference did not reach statistical significance. Across all groups, the failure load and stiffness were significantly correlated with the trabecular bone volume. Our data suggest that prompt ERT can increase the fracture load and stiffness of trabecular bone by allowing bone formation to continue in previously activated bone remodeling units while suppressing the production of new re-modeling units. This may be the mechanism by which estrogen and other antiresorptive agents increase bone mass, and thereby reduce the risk of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women.

Translated title of the contributionEffects on early estrogen replacement therapy in stability of ovariectomized rat bones. A biomechanical and radiological study on the tibia plateau
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)1082-1087
Number of pages6
JournalOrthopade
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Estrogen replacement
  • Mechanical testing
  • Microarchitecture
  • X-ray tomographic microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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