Effects of xylazine hydrochloride during isoflurane-induced anesthesia in horses

Eugene Steffey, Peter J Pascoe, Michael J. Woliner, Edwin R. Berryman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective - To quantitate dose- and time-related anesthetic-sparing effects of xylazine hydrochloride (XYL) during isoflurane-induced anesthesia in horses and to characterize selected physiologic responses of anesthetized horses to administration of XYL. Animals - 6 healthy adult horses. Procedure - Horses were anesthetized 2 times to determine the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in O2 and to characterize the anesthetic-sparing effect (MAC reduction) after IV administration of XYL (0.5 and 1 mg/kg of body weight, random order). Selected measures of cardiopulmonary function, blood glucose concentrations, and urinary output also were measured during the anesthetic studies. Results - Isoflurane MAC (mean ± SEM) was reduced by 24.8 ± 0.5 and 34.2 ± 1.9% at 42 ± 7 and 67 ± 10 minutes, respectively, after administration of XYL at 0.5 and 1 mg/kg. Amount of MAC reduction by XYL was dose- and time-dependent. Overall, cardiovascular and respiratory values varied little among treatments. Administration of XYL increased blood glucose concentration; the magnitude of change was dose- and time-dependent. Urine volume increased but not significantly. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Administration of XYL reduced the anesthetic requirement for isoflurane in horses. The magnitude of the decrease is dose- and time-dependent. Administration of XYL increases blood glucose concentration in anesthetized horses in a dose-related manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1225-1231
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume61
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2000

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Xylazine
Isoflurane
isoflurane
xylazine
Horses
anesthesia
Anesthesia
horses
anesthetics
Anesthetics
blood glucose
Blood Glucose
dosage
intravenous injection
urine
Body Weight
Urine
body weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Effects of xylazine hydrochloride during isoflurane-induced anesthesia in horses. / Steffey, Eugene; Pascoe, Peter J; Woliner, Michael J.; Berryman, Edwin R.

In: American Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol. 61, No. 10, 10.2000, p. 1225-1231.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Pascoe, Peter J

AU - Woliner, Michael J.

AU - Berryman, Edwin R.

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N2 - Objective - To quantitate dose- and time-related anesthetic-sparing effects of xylazine hydrochloride (XYL) during isoflurane-induced anesthesia in horses and to characterize selected physiologic responses of anesthetized horses to administration of XYL. Animals - 6 healthy adult horses. Procedure - Horses were anesthetized 2 times to determine the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in O2 and to characterize the anesthetic-sparing effect (MAC reduction) after IV administration of XYL (0.5 and 1 mg/kg of body weight, random order). Selected measures of cardiopulmonary function, blood glucose concentrations, and urinary output also were measured during the anesthetic studies. Results - Isoflurane MAC (mean ± SEM) was reduced by 24.8 ± 0.5 and 34.2 ± 1.9% at 42 ± 7 and 67 ± 10 minutes, respectively, after administration of XYL at 0.5 and 1 mg/kg. Amount of MAC reduction by XYL was dose- and time-dependent. Overall, cardiovascular and respiratory values varied little among treatments. Administration of XYL increased blood glucose concentration; the magnitude of change was dose- and time-dependent. Urine volume increased but not significantly. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Administration of XYL reduced the anesthetic requirement for isoflurane in horses. The magnitude of the decrease is dose- and time-dependent. Administration of XYL increases blood glucose concentration in anesthetized horses in a dose-related manner.

AB - Objective - To quantitate dose- and time-related anesthetic-sparing effects of xylazine hydrochloride (XYL) during isoflurane-induced anesthesia in horses and to characterize selected physiologic responses of anesthetized horses to administration of XYL. Animals - 6 healthy adult horses. Procedure - Horses were anesthetized 2 times to determine the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in O2 and to characterize the anesthetic-sparing effect (MAC reduction) after IV administration of XYL (0.5 and 1 mg/kg of body weight, random order). Selected measures of cardiopulmonary function, blood glucose concentrations, and urinary output also were measured during the anesthetic studies. Results - Isoflurane MAC (mean ± SEM) was reduced by 24.8 ± 0.5 and 34.2 ± 1.9% at 42 ± 7 and 67 ± 10 minutes, respectively, after administration of XYL at 0.5 and 1 mg/kg. Amount of MAC reduction by XYL was dose- and time-dependent. Overall, cardiovascular and respiratory values varied little among treatments. Administration of XYL increased blood glucose concentration; the magnitude of change was dose- and time-dependent. Urine volume increased but not significantly. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Administration of XYL reduced the anesthetic requirement for isoflurane in horses. The magnitude of the decrease is dose- and time-dependent. Administration of XYL increases blood glucose concentration in anesthetized horses in a dose-related manner.

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