Effects of warm-up intensity on oxygen transport during supramaximal exercise in horses

Kazutaka Mukai, Atsushi Hiraga, Daisuke Eto, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Tetsuro Hada, Hirokazu Tsubone, James H Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective - To determine whether warm-up exercise at different intensities alters kinetics and total contribution of aerobic power to total metabolic power in subsequent supramaximal exercise in horses. Animals - 11 horses. Procedures - Horses ran at a sprint until fatigued at 115% of maximal oxygen consumption rate (•Vo2max), beginning at 10 minutes following each of 3 warm-up protocols: no warm-up (NoWU), 1 minute at 70% •Vo2max (moderate-intensity warm-up [MoWU]), or 1 minute at 115% •Vo2max (high-intensity warm-up [HiWU]). Cardiopulmonary and blood gas variables were measured during exercise. Results - The •Vo2 was significantly higher in HiWU and MoWU than in NoWU throughout the sprint exercise period. Blood lactate accumulation rate in the first 60 seconds was significantly lower in MoWU and HiWU than in NoWU. Specific cardiac output after 60 seconds of sprint exercise was not significantly different among the 3 protocols; however, the arterial mixed-venous oxygen concentration difference was significantly higher in HiWU than in NoWU primarily because of decreased mixed-venous saturation and tension. Run time to fatigue following MoWU was significantly greater than that with NoWU, and there was no difference in time to fatigue between MoWU and HiWU. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - HiWU and MoWU increased peak values for •Vo2 and decreased blood lactate accumulation rate during the first minute of intense exercise, suggesting a greater use of aerobic than net anaerobic power during this period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)690-696
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008

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Horses
exercise
Oxygen
oxygen
horses
Fatigue
Lactic Acid
Warm-Up Exercise
Oxygen Consumption
Cardiac Output
lactates
Gases
blood
blood gases
cardiac output
oxygen consumption
kinetics
animals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Effects of warm-up intensity on oxygen transport during supramaximal exercise in horses. / Mukai, Kazutaka; Hiraga, Atsushi; Eto, Daisuke; Takahashi, Toshiyuki; Hada, Tetsuro; Tsubone, Hirokazu; Jones, James H.

In: American Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol. 69, No. 5, 05.2008, p. 690-696.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mukai, Kazutaka ; Hiraga, Atsushi ; Eto, Daisuke ; Takahashi, Toshiyuki ; Hada, Tetsuro ; Tsubone, Hirokazu ; Jones, James H. / Effects of warm-up intensity on oxygen transport during supramaximal exercise in horses. In: American Journal of Veterinary Research. 2008 ; Vol. 69, No. 5. pp. 690-696.
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abstract = "Objective - To determine whether warm-up exercise at different intensities alters kinetics and total contribution of aerobic power to total metabolic power in subsequent supramaximal exercise in horses. Animals - 11 horses. Procedures - Horses ran at a sprint until fatigued at 115{\%} of maximal oxygen consumption rate (•Vo2max), beginning at 10 minutes following each of 3 warm-up protocols: no warm-up (NoWU), 1 minute at 70{\%} •Vo2max (moderate-intensity warm-up [MoWU]), or 1 minute at 115{\%} •Vo2max (high-intensity warm-up [HiWU]). Cardiopulmonary and blood gas variables were measured during exercise. Results - The •Vo2 was significantly higher in HiWU and MoWU than in NoWU throughout the sprint exercise period. Blood lactate accumulation rate in the first 60 seconds was significantly lower in MoWU and HiWU than in NoWU. Specific cardiac output after 60 seconds of sprint exercise was not significantly different among the 3 protocols; however, the arterial mixed-venous oxygen concentration difference was significantly higher in HiWU than in NoWU primarily because of decreased mixed-venous saturation and tension. Run time to fatigue following MoWU was significantly greater than that with NoWU, and there was no difference in time to fatigue between MoWU and HiWU. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - HiWU and MoWU increased peak values for •Vo2 and decreased blood lactate accumulation rate during the first minute of intense exercise, suggesting a greater use of aerobic than net anaerobic power during this period.",
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