Effects of vertebral mobilization and manipulation on kinematics of the thoracolumbar region

Kevin K. Haussler, Ashley E Hill, Christian M. Puttlitz, C. Wayne McIlwraith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Objective - To measure passive spinal movements induced during dorsoventral mobilization and evaluate effects of induced pain and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) on passive vertebral mobility in standing horses. Animals - 10 healthy adult horses. Procedures - Baseline vertical displacements, applied force, stiffness, and frequency of the oscillations were measured during dorsoventral spinal mobilization at 5 thoracolumbar intervertebral sites. As a model for back pain, fixation pins were temporarily implanted into the dorsal spinous processes of adjacent vertebrae at 2 of the intervertebral sites. Vertebral variables were recorded again after pin placement and treadmill locomotion. In a randomized crossover study, horses were allocated to control and treatment interventions, separated by a 7-day washout period. The SMT consisted of high-velocity, low-amplitude thrusts applied to the 3 non-pin-placement sites. Control horses received no treatment. Results - The amplitudes of vertical displacement increased from cranial to caudal in the thoracolumbar portion of the vertebral column. Pin implantation caused no immediate changes at adjacent intervertebral sites, but treadmill exercise caused reductions in most variables. The SMT induced a 15% increase in displacement and a 20% increase in applied force, compared with control measurements. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - The passive vertical mobility of the trunk varied from cranial to caudal. At most sites, SMT increased the amplitudes of dorsoventral displacement and applied force, indicative of increased vertebral flexibility and increased tolerance to pressure in the thoracolumbar portion of the vertebral column.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-516
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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